Frustrated by bureaucratic snags that are delaying buyouts and
other help for flood victims, some legislators and White House
officials are trying to "clear away the underbrush."
The first swipe at the red-tape snags comes next week, when the
House Public Works Committee considers bills by Missouri and
Illinois legislators that aim to streamline and expand buyout
At the same time, White House officials - who are getting
complaints from impatient victims of the Flood of '93 - are moving
to shorten some of the delays that have caught thousands of
Midwesterners in a bureaucratic limbo while awaiting aid programs.
Federal flood programs "need to become a lot more
user-friendly," said Kathleen McGinty, director of the White House
environmental policy office. She is co-chairwoman of a group that
is laying out the whole smorgasboard of federal aid programs for
"An awful lot of communities are expressing interest in
relocation, buyouts or other alternative methods of flood control,"
McGinty said. "We've found ourselves to be coming up a little
short, so we're redoubling our efforts to be more responsive."
Although one White House-led group is developing some
long-range suggestions to revamp river and flood-plain management
in the Upper Mississippi Basin, other groups are working on
short-term goals. Among them:
Providing state and local flood officials with a "flood
smorgasbord" - an exhaustive list of every federal program or
"policy tool" that can be linked together to help flooded
communities and farms.
Ordering every federal agency that has studied the Upper
Mississippi Basin to assemble all their information into a
comprehensive data base that will give policy-makers a full picture
of the options for changing the way the river basin is managed.
That information, to be distributed to state, local and federal
officials, would include the Army Corps of Engineers' levee data,
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's suggestions for wetlands and
other potential wildlife habitats, and the Agriculture Department's
maps of croplands and soil types.
"From the start, our top priority has been to give as much
help, as fast as possible, to the flood victims," said Oleta C.
Fitzgerald, the top flood aide to Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy.
President Bill Clinton appointed Espy to coordinate the federal
But now that most of the flood water has receded, the
government has begun to focus on the tangle of longer-range issues.
Fitzgerald said the administration wanted to "prioritize the need,
and be as creative, efficient and effective as possible" in helping