THE problem with Washington, according to Sen. Russell Feingold, is
too much free crumb cake.
Every day, explains the Wisconsin Democrat, he receives a handful
of gifts from special interest groups - especially those with
business pending in Congress.
In addition to crumb cake, Senator Feingold has been wooed with
books, CDs, peanut brittle, spark plugs, cuff links, bratwurst,
denture cream, and a ceramic milk jug. Last year, the National
Rifle Association sent the senator a cookbook.
To Feingold, free gifts, meals, and trips perpetuate a "circle of
influence" in Washington that skews policy debates and frustrates
voters. Increasingly, his colleagues appear to agree: The Senate
recently voted to limit the booty its members can accept, beginning
next year. The House may soon follow suit, as GOP leaders now plan
to bring sweeping anti-lobbyist legislation to the floor before the
end of the year.
Welcome to the post-Packwood Congress. Stung by the lame-duck
Oregon senator's diary depictions of cozy dealings with lobbyists,
lawmakers are eager to put their ethical house in order.
Thanks to the Senate's actions, says Rep. Chris Shays (R) of
Connecticut, the House should consider gift and lobby reform within
six weeks "without the usual divisive confrontations" that have
accompanied past debates.
In the end, says Feingold, these efforts really could make
Washington a more upright place.
"By themselves, gifts and meals are not sufficient to corrupt the
whole system," he says. "But they create a psychological feeling
that you are obliged. Somebody might not even be aware of it, but I
think it does have that effect."
During his 1992 campaign, Feingold vowed not to take any gift
whatsoever from a lobbyist. When he goes to dinner, he pays his own
way. And at receptions, he accepts nothing more than a glass of ice
water. Each of the 1,200 presents his office has received has been
logged, tossed into a cardboard box, and donated to charity.
Since arriving in Washington in 1993, Feingold says he has come to
understand the peculiar Washington lifestyle based on favors. The
lure of gifts and swanky receptions, he says, induces some members
of Congress to spend substantial amounts of time hobnobbing with
"folks who have an agenda."
Loose lobbyist laws
The Senate passed a gift-limiting resolution last July, at the same
time it passed a bill which would tighten the currently loose laws
governing who most register as a lobbyist.
Under the Senate's new rules members will be barred from accepting
anything worth more than $50, and no more than $100 per year in
gifts from any one source. The measure also prevents members from
accepting travel and accommodations for charity events with strong
recreational components, like celebrity golf tournaments.
When the rules take effect next year, many of the lavish gifts will
disappear. This year, Feingold has received a "pile" of steaks, a
solid-gold letter opener, several designer silk ties, and a
six-inch Waterford crystal statuette of the Washington Monument.
But small gifts under $10 will not be limited at all, and Feingold
says the resolution leaves some wiggle room for any member who is
determined to game the system. …