When Washington's D.C. United won the inaugural Major League
Soccer championship game Sunday, no one dared put it on a level
with the giants of world soccer.
While the United States-based MLS has far surpassed expectations
in its opening season, its new champion is not on a par with the
champions of other more-established leagues around the world - and
no one is pretending it is.
The world's top leagues are built on a deep pool of domestic
talent, drawing only premier players from abroad to supplement
their home-grown base. But as this MLS season progressed, the
biggest concern was that America could not supply enough quality
talent to fill the 10 teams' rosters.
MLS's few world-class players - Roberto Donadoni, Carlos
Valderrama, Marco Etcheverry - are not American. The second tier of
players is capable - and many of these are Americans. But many
critics agree with Paul Gardner of Soccer America magazine who says
that the bottom two or three Americans on each team often aren't
"If you have two or three subpar players on the team, you can
imagine that when you try to weave nice passing movements, they
break down because three nice passes and it reaches someone who
can't control the ball," he says.
The potential solutions, however, put MLS in a quandary. The
league wants to encourage the development of American players, and
this year it had a rule to support this goal: Only four foreigners
were allowed on each team. At the same time, though, the league
wants to present the most attractive product possible, and right
now foreigners are often more fun to watch.
MLS is trying to find a middle path. Short-term fixes such as
allowing more foreigners to play may help keep fans in the seats,
and long-term programs like the new "Project 40" are designed to
nurture young talent and increase the American talent pool.
Although MLS Deputy Commissioner Sunil Gulati disagrees with the
idea that the bottom few players on each team are not fit for
top-flight professional soccer, he does say that "improving the
product is very high on everyone's list" - and some steps have
already been taken.
Concessions to quality
MLS has decided to allow teams to use a fifth foreigner for the
next three years.
But what is needed for the league to succeed, argues Mr.
Gardner, is a fundamental change in the way Americans view soccer.
One important part of this change must be the way young American
talent is refined, he says. "The pipeline we've got in place at the
moment for producing players - that is college soccer - is
virtually useless," he says.
The arguments against college soccer are founded on two main
points: College players are not allowed to play enough games, and
the level of competition is not high enough.
In most countries, promising young soccer players are playing
professional soccer almost year-round by age 18. …