Pay raises are getting smaller, but consumer prices continue to
rise. If the trend in shrinking worker pay raises continues, it
could mean stalled consumer spending and a halt to economic growth.
Earlier this year, some 20,000 salaried workers of Ford Motor
Co., mainly in the United States and Canada, got their first hike in
base pay in two years. It wasn't much: a raise of 2.7 percent, on
average. But the Dearborn, Mich., automaker threw in some bonuses in
2011 and again this year.
These days, that looks downright generous.
The annual pay raise - something workers could once rely on - has
become a lot more iffy in the aftermath of the Great Recession.
Despite rising corporate profits, average wage hikes aren't keeping
pace with inflation. Some new workers are being paid less than they
would have been five years ago, by some estimates. Hourly earnings
for production and nonsupervisory workers rose so little in the
fiscal year ending in May that their growth rate tied a 47-year
record low, government data show. Given the tight labor market, even
those who have kept their jobs have had limited bargaining power on
wages and benefit.
"It's a buyer's mar-ket for em-ployers," sums up Linda Bar-
rington, managing director of Cornell University's Institute for
Compensa-tion Studies in New York.
If pay raises continue to shrink, the trend could crimp consumer
spending and overall economic growth.
Consider the government's data on salaries: For the fiscal year
that ended in March, wages and salaries grew an average 1.7 percent,
according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Employee Cost
Index. During the same period, consumer prices rose 2.7 percent. And
there is little relief in sight.
"We're expecting another economic slowdown in the US in the
second half of this year," says Gad Levanon, macroeconomic research
director at the Conference Board in New York. "With the unemployment
rate declining slowly, if at all, there are still a lot of job
seekers, and employers will still have the upper hand in wage
determination. So I expect very low wage growth even through 2013,"
To be sure, workers in high-demand sectors, such as high
technology or mining, can often command above-average raises,
experts say. Also, current workers appear more likely to be getting
a raise than new hires are. That may explain why separate private
surveys - from WorldatWork, a global human resources organization
based in Scottsdale, Ariz. …