The election of Italy's first ever black government minister has
brought the country face to face with its racist demons.
Cecile Kyenge, an eye surgeon who was born in the Democratic
Republic of Congo, was made the new minister for integration this
week when Italy finally cobbled together a government after weeks of
backstabbing and brinkmanship in the wake of inconclusive elections
Her appointment has exposed the deeply held prejudices of many
Italians, who insist that a person with black or brown skin can ever
be considered Italian, no matter how long they have lived in the
In the few days since she was sworn in on Sunday, the 48-year-
old Ms. Kyenge, who moved to Italy three decades ago and is a member
of the center-left Democratic Party, has been subjected to a
shocking tirade of racist abuse. Much of it has circulated on the
internet, with the minister called "a Congolese monkey" and a "Zulu"
on websites, some of them with links to neo-Fascist groups.
The online vitriol by anonymous bigots was bad enough, but the
race hate has been dealt out by prominent politicians too.
The most extreme remarks were made by Mario Borghezio, an Italian
member of the European Parliament who has made incendiary remarks
about immigrants in the past. In an interview with a radio station,
Borghezio, from the anti-immigration Northern League, accused Kyenge
of wanting to "impose her tribal traditions from the Congo" on
He was referring to the new minister's support for a change to
laws which currently restrict the children of immigrants from
applying for Italian citizenship until they reach the age of 18.
Borghezio said the inclusion of Kyenge in the new administration of
prime minister Enrico Letta made it a "a bonga bonga government" -
an off-color quip which referenced the so-called "bunga bunga"
antics of ex-premier Silvio Berlusconi.
"You can't say the word 'nigger' in Italy, only think it,"
Borghezio added. "Pretty soon you won't even be able to say illegal
immigrant - you'll have to say 'your excellence'."
He said Kyenge would make "a great housekeeper, but not a
government minister." He added: "Africans are different. They belong
to an ethnicity much different from ours. They haven't produced
The racism directed towards Kyenge is by no means an isolated
incident. One of Italy's most talented soccer players, Mario
Balotelli, who was born in Sicily to Ghanaian parents, has endured
years of racial abuse both on and off the pitch.
Hostile fans have made monkey noises at him during games and
thrown bananas onto the pitch. At one match, fans once shouted:
"There are no black Italians." In February he was called a "little
black boy" by Paolo Berlusconi, the vice-president of AC Milan
soccer club and the brother of Silvio Berlusconi.
"And now let's go and watch the little black boy of the family,
the crazy head," Paolo Berlusconi said at a political meeting, after
Balotelli transferred from Manchester City to become one of AC
Milan's star players.
The racial prejudices held by many Italians are in part a result
of the country's history, analysts say.
Italy has traditionally been a country of emigration, sending
millions of impoverished migrants to the United States, Latin
America and Australia from the 19th century onwards. …