Pope Francis shook up the Roman Catholic world this week with his
comments about abortion, contraception, and gay marriage, saying
such moral and doctrinal issues should not be overemphasized at the
cost of "losing the freshness and fragrance of the Gospel."
In the United States, many Catholics hailed what the pope had to
say in a lengthy interview in a Jesuit publication, which may not be
surprising given attitudes here seen as more liberal than official
church doctrine from Rome.
- By 55-43 percent, most American Catholics say abortion should
be legal in "all or most cases," according to a Washington Post/ABC
poll in July.
- Eighty-two percent of Catholics in the US say birth control is
morally acceptable, Gallup found last year - not much less than the
90 percent approval among all adults polled.
- In March, a Quinnipiac University National Poll found that
most Catholic voters (54-38 percent) support same-sex marriage -
higher than the 47-43 percent general approval rate. "Catholic
voters are leading American voters toward support for same-sex
marriage," said Peter Brown, assistant director of the Quinnipiac
University Polling Institute.
- Also, according to the Quinnipiac Poll, most American
Catholics say priests should be allowed to marry (62-30 percent),
say the church's ban on contraception should be relaxed (64-28
percent, including 68-24 percent among women), and support Present
Obama's position that religious-based institutions, such as
hospitals and universities, must arrange for their insurance
companies to provide birth control coverage for employees (51-41
"We cannot insist only on issues related to abortion, gay
marriage and the use of contraceptive methods," Francis said in the
article published Thursday in Jesuit journals in 16 countries. "We
have to find a new balance; otherwise even the moral edifice of the
church is likely to fall like a house of cards, losing the freshness
and fragrance of the Gospel."
In a move no doubt intended to answer those church members and
clergy - including some bishops - holding to a more traditionally
conservative view, the pope on Friday spoke out on abortion.
Speaking to Catholic doctors at the Vatican, Pope Francis
condemned the "throwaway culture" abortion promotes, saying, "Our
response to this mentality is a 'yes' to life, decisive and without
"Every unborn child, though unjustly condemned to be aborted, has
the face of the Lord, who even before his birth, and then as soon as
he was born, experienced the rejection of the world," he said.
Still, liberal Catholics in the US welcomed the pope's message in
the earlier interview.
"This message resonates with so many Catholics because it
reflects our personal experiences--Catholics are gay and lesbian;
Catholics use birth control and Catholics have abortions," Jon
O'Brien, president of Catholics for Choice, said in a statement.
"We truly hope that this is just the start; that Pope Francis
doesn't only talk the talk, but also walks the walk," Mr. O'Brien
said. "We hope he takes steps to ensure that his more open view of
how the church should deal with people trickles down to his brother
bishops around the world, who oversee large numbers of hospitals and
medical centers. …