Newspaper article The Record (Bergen County, NJ)

Photoshop Continues Reign with Latest Version

Newspaper article The Record (Bergen County, NJ)

Photoshop Continues Reign with Latest Version

Article excerpt

As it turns 22 this year, Adobe Photoshop has rightfully earned its place in the pantheon of game-changing applications.

Originally a simple grayscale toning tool developed by graduate student Thomas Knoll under its original name, ImagePro, Adobe Photoshop emerged as an incredible engine that could bend and shape the millions of pixels that a photo comprises and transform them in an infinite number of ways, limited solely by the user's imagination.

Joining a small handful of programs that have become everyday verbs -- we Google facts, Tweet messages and Photoshop images -- Adobe Photoshop lets us perform magic.

A friend of mine once complained that "Photoshopping" is wrong because the results aren't "real." Although Photoshop certainly can be used to blatantly fabricate images -- Newsweek recently ran a contrived image of questionable taste with a severely bloodied President Obama, Mitt Romney and Newt Gingrich to convey political battle scars -- the true beauty of Photoshop is its ability to perform minor surgery, nips and tucks, to bring dull or defective photographs to life, and to make good photographs terrific ones.

Certainly, Photoshop should never be used in journalism. But for general photo enthusiasts, the benefits of Photoshop are endless. Take a gray, underexposed image and let Photoshop add sunshine to infuse it with color. Transform a landscape into an impressionist dreamscape, patch a photo filled with scratch marks and make it look like it was taken yesterday. Iron out those wrinkles on Grandpa's mug, remove pimples from a teenage daughter's cheeks, insert an absent uncle into a family reunion photo.

Since film was invented, photographers have manipulated images. They "burned" light areas of an image during processing to bring out more detail and "dodged" dark regions to allow hidden elements to be seen.

They printed images of males on high-contrast photographic paper to emphasize the rugged textures of an unshaven face, while reserving low-contrast paper for softer, flattering skin tones for women. They used telephoto lenses to increase the size of the moon over a quiet ocean and slowed the camera's shutter speed to highlight the motion of a running ball player. …

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