Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

A Critical Threshold in the Iran Crisis

Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

A Critical Threshold in the Iran Crisis

Article excerpt

Only prudent diplomacy by both sides can produce positive results at the Iran nuclear talks in Baghdad.

As we move closer to the Baghdad meeting between Iran and the world powers, scheduled for May 23, it is vitally important for both sides to maintain the positive environment generated at the Istanbul round in early April.

This means building on the achievements of the Istanbul meeting, which established trust between the two sides -- the five permament members of the U.N. Security Council plus Germany on one, Iran on the other -- and set the stage for the Baghdad talks whose goal will be to reach "concrete" results, to quote Catherine Ashton, the European Union's foreign policy chief.

Since the April talks, Ashton's deputies have been communicating with Iran's negotiating team on the agenda of the Baghdad meeting and on areas of potential accord. Both sides agreed in Istanbul to adopt the standards of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty as the framework for negotiations. This was regarded as a victory for Iran since a nuclear fuel cycle is allowed by the treaty.

Meanwhile, ahead of the Baghdad talks, another crucial meeting between Iran and top officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency to resolve certain "outstanding questions" regarding Iran's nuclear program has been scheduled. This can be instrumental in bringing the multilateral negotiations in Baghdad to a positive conclusion.

If the I.A.E.A. and Iran can agree, agency inspectors will have access to certain military installations in Iran, such as Parchin, which is mentioned in I.A.E.A. reports as the possible site of experiments related to nuclear weapons. Iran denies any such work and notes that the I.A.E.A. visited the site twice and found nothing suspicious.

Unfortunately, the newly built trust between Iran and the 5+1 powers is in danger of collapse because of the unreasonable insistence by hawkish politicians and pundits in the West who echo Tel Aviv's demands that Iran halt all enrichment activities and shut down the underground Fordo facility, even though the I. …

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