Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

Meet Pegomastax, a Dwarf Herbivore with Fangs

Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

Meet Pegomastax, a Dwarf Herbivore with Fangs

Article excerpt

A new and especially bizarre species of dwarf herbivores has been identified in a slab of red rock that was collected in the early 1960s. It is only now being reported in a journal.

Not every dinosaur grew up to be a mighty predator like Tyrannosaurus rex or a hulking vegan like Apatosaurus. A few stayed small, and some of the smallest dinosaurs that ever lived -- tiny enough to nip at your heels -- were among the first to spread across the planet more than 200 million years ago.

Fossils of these miniature, fanged plant eaters known as heterodontosaurs, or "different toothed reptiles," have turned up as far apart as England and China. Now, in a discovery that has been at least 50 years in the making, a new and especially bizarre species of these dwarf herbivores has been identified in a slab of red rock that was collected in the early 1960s by scientists working in South Africa.

In a report published Wednesday in the online journal ZooKeys, Paul C. Sereno, a paleontologist at the University of Chicago and a dinosaur specialist, described the strange anatomy of the newfound member of the heterodontosaur family and gave the new species the name Pegomastax africanus, or "thick jaw from Africa." He also apologized in an interview for not getting around sooner to this piece of research.

When he first viewed the specimen at a Harvard University laboratory, Dr. Sereno said, "My eyes popped, as it was clear this was a distinct species."

Embedded in the rock were remains of a creature with a short parrotlike beak, one-inch jaws, sharp teeth and a skull no less than three inches, or 7.6 centimeters, long. The entire body was less than two feet, or 60 centimeters, in length and probably weighed less than a small house cat.

"I'm embarrassed to say how many years ago that was -- 1983," he said. "But I was an enterprising graduate student then at the American Museum of Natural History. …

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