Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

'In a Moment It Can All Be Gone' for Athlete ; Louisville Player's Injury Puts Light on Debate over Long-Term Medical Costs

Newspaper article International Herald Tribune

'In a Moment It Can All Be Gone' for Athlete ; Louisville Player's Injury Puts Light on Debate over Long-Term Medical Costs

Article excerpt

The televised image of Louisville's Kevin Ware breaking his leg has heightened interest in one of the many issues confronting college athletics: health insurance coverage.

The broken leg felt round the country -- during college basketball's showcase event -- left teammates and coaches in tears and television networks turning away from video of the gruesome injury. It also inflamed the debate about the treatment and care of unpaid college athletes who help generate hundreds of millions of dollars for their universities.

The injured player was Kevin Ware, a sophomore guard for Louisville, playing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association tournament. He was taken to a hospital and had surgery to repair compound fractures of his tibia. Louisville officials said the university had a secondary policy on its varsity athletes, ensuring that Ware, who also has his family's primary insurance, will incur no out-of-pocket expenses in his rehabilitation.

But Ware is likely to be personally responsible for any health care expenses related to the injury after he leaves Louisville. Injuries sustained in college athletics that linger or develop into chronic conditions are generally not covered by a university's or the N.C.A.A.'s medical insurance, once an athlete has left college.

Louisville officials declined to specify the terms of the policy that covers Ware or to say who would handle his medical bills if the injury led to problems later, after he left the university.

The N.C.A.A. said it was not able to comment on a specific athlete's medical condition.

"Ware's injury underscores just how vulnerable college athletes are: In a moment it can all be gone," said Ramogi Huma, president of the National College Players Association, an advocacy group for athletes. He added, "Once you're a former player, you're on your own."

Bob DeMars, who played four years as a defensive lineman for Southern California, from 1998 to 2001, tore the posterior cruciate ligament in each knee while playing for the Trojans. He also sustained a serious neck injury and separated both shoulders.

"I wake up with a lot of things bothering me sometimes, and my knees are unstable," said DeMars, 33, a filmmaker and part-time teacher. "If my knee goes out because I don't have a P.C.L. and my anterior cruciate ligament tears and I'm hobbled for the rest of my life, I hope Southern Cal helps me pick up the pieces. But they don't have to.

"College athletes aren't employees, so there's no workmen's compensation. They tell us we're student-athletes because it's not a job. But it sure is a business, and it's not a nonprofit."

If Ware's medical claims exceed $90,000, he will also qualify for the N.C.A.A.'s catastrophic insurance program, which has some continuing coverage under certain conditions. The N.C.A.A. has additional supplemental insurance for injuries that occur during championships events.

But not all colleges generate as much revenue through athletics as Louisville does; the university took in more than $40 million through its basketball program alone last year. Many colleges outside the N.C.A.A.'s top athletic tier do not offer comprehensive secondary policies to their varsity athletes. The N.C.A.A. requires an institution only to certify that each athlete has some kind of primary medical insurance, which is usually a family policy.

"And if an athlete's parents don't have a policy, then the college offers them the same policy they offer regular students," said David Dranove, a health economist and a professor at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management. "That is usually a group policy that's not particularly generous and not tailored to the kinds of injuries that occur in sports, which often require specialized surgeries, long rehabilitations and expensive tests" like magnetic resonance imaging tests. …

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