Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

NATION [Derived Headline]

Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

NATION [Derived Headline]

Article excerpt

Shootings on rise in PG-13 films

The prevalence of gun violence in top PG-13 movies has more than tripled since the rating was introduced in the mid-1980s, and last year it eclipsed even the amount in R-rated movies, according to findings being published today in the journal Pediatrics.

"I think most parents would be surprised to learn that," said Brad Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University and one of the study's authors. "We were pretty shocked."

The authors said their findings are particularly troubling given considerable research into what has been called the "weapons effect," which suggests that depiction of gun violence in media could lead to more aggressive behavior in the real world.

"We know that movies teach children how adults behave, and they make gun use appear exciting and attractive," said Dan Romer, another co-author and the director of the Adolescent Communication Institute of the Annenberg Public Policy Center in Pennsylvania.

To determine how violence - and specifically gun violence - has changed in films over time, researchers chose 945 films sampled from the 30 top-grossing releases each year from 1950 to 2012. Coders sifted through the movies, noting violent sequences.

They found that violence in films had more than doubled since 1950, and that violence had tripled in PG-13 films over the past quarter-century. In addition, while PG-13 movies initially had only about as much violence as G- and PG-rated films, since 2009 they have contained as much violence as R-rated films, or more.

Jews have wishes for missing knishes

COPIAGUE, N.Y. - A fire at a factory billed as the world's biggest maker of knishes has created nationwide shock and oy for those who can't seem to find the Jewish treats anywhere.

Kvetching has been going on at delis, diners, food carts and groceries since the six-week shortage began, but lovers of the square, fried, doughy pillows of pureed potatoes may not have to go without much longer. The factory promises an end to the knish crunch by Thanksgiving, which coincides with the start of Hanukkah.

"Our customers ... are calling us saying they are literally searching supermarkets and stores and they're all asking when we'll be back," Stacey Ziskin Gabay, one of the owners of the 92-year-old Gabila's Knishes, which sells about 15 million knishes a year.

A fire Sept. 24 at the Gabila's plant in Copiague, Long Island, damaged the machinery that makes the company's biggest seller - "The Original Coney Island Square Knish."

Vatican envoy addresses bishops

BALTIMORE - The Vatican ambassador to the United States says American bishops should make Roman Catholics feel more at home in the church.

Archbishop Carlo Vigano said Pope Francis wants bishops to act more fatherly and not follow any particular ideology. …

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