Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

Andrew Carnegie

Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

Andrew Carnegie

Article excerpt

Known for being one of the wealthiest individuals in American history, industrialist and businessman Andrew Carnegie left a large philanthropic legacy in Pittsburgh and across the world.

Born in 1835 to a working class family, Carnegie grew up in Dunfermline, Scotland. When his father lost his job as a weaver and with the hope of new possibilities in America, the Carnegie family immigrated to Pittsburgh in 1848.

Soon after arriving in Pittsburgh, Carnegie worked as a runner in a textile mill for $1.20 a week. By 1853, the Pennsylvania Railroad Co. hired him as a secretary and telegraph operator. Eventually, the hard-working Carnegie earned a promotion to superintendent for the Pittsburgh Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

From his work experiences at the railroad, Carnegie branched out on his own and invested in the building of railway sleeping cars, oil drilling, steel and iron production. In 1865, he founded his first of many companies, the Keystone Bridge Co.

In 1875, Carnegie opened his first steel plant, the Edgar Thomson Works in Braddock, which made rails for the Pennsylvania Railroad. At the plant, Carnegie implemented a cheaper way to mass produce steel by utilizing the Bessemer process. By 1892, he founded the Carnegie Steel Co. …

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