Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

Parties' Divisiveness

Newspaper article Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA)

Parties' Divisiveness

Article excerpt

This election will go down in history. But history has a need to be studied and understood. James Madison in 1788 with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton lobbied to get all 13 colonies to ratify the brand-new Constitution, which he wrote.

Madison needed to make friends and make deals. That was the only way the Constitution was to be ratified in each state (from "James & Dolley Madison: America's First Power Couple" by Bruce Chadwick, 2014). Do we see a pattern?

The creation of the Democratic-Republican Party by Madison and Jefferson in 1791 was the beginning of the downward spiral. President George Washington was astonished a second party emerged and said he was of "no party."

Parties "may now and then answer the popular ends, but they are likely in the course of time and things, to become potent engines by which cunning, ambitious and uprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion. …

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