Today in History - Aug. 15

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Today in History - Aug. 15

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Today in History for Aug. 15:

On this date:

In 1057, Macbeth, King of Scots, was killed in battle by Malcolm, the eldest son of King Duncan, whom Macbeth had slain.

In 1096, the armies of the First Crusade set out from Europe to deliver Jerusalem from the occupying forces of Islamic Turks.

In 1534, the Jesuit order of Catholic priests was founded.

In 1534, explorer Jacques Cartier began his return to France after his first voyage to Canada.

In 1766, the first issue of the Nova Scotia Gazette was published.

In 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France, was born in Ajaccio, Corsica. He died in exile on the Atlantic island of St. Helena in 1821.

In 1771, British writer Sir Walter Scott was born.

In 1812, the first European steam passage service was announced, between Glasgow and Greenock, Scotland.

In 1866, the College of Ottawa became a university.

In 1914, the first ship passed through the Panama Canal.

In 1916, the first self-propelled tank appeared at the First World War's Battle of the Somme. The British Mark I tank was known as "Big Willie."

In 1919, the Prince of Wales, who abdicated before his coronation as King Edward VIII, arrived in Canada for an official tour. His duties while in Canada included the official opening of a bridge in Quebec and placing the cornerstone for one of the towers in Canada's new Parliament Buildings in Ottawa.

In 1935, American humourist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their plane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska.

In 1937, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King named the Rowell-Sirois commission to examine the economics of Confederation and the federal-provincial division of powers. The commission released its report in 1940 and recommended that Ottawa take control of taxation from the provinces. The federal government would be responsible for unemployment insurance, pensions and provincial debts. Although agreement with the majority of provinces was not achieved, Ottawa unilaterally implemented some of the report's proposals.

In 1944, the invasion of southern France began during the Second World War when Allied troops landed on several beaches between Nice and Marseilles.

In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.

In 1948, the Republic of South Korea was proclaimed with Syngman Rhee as president, ending the U-S military government.

In 1950, Princess Anne, the only daughter of Queen Elizabeth, was born.

In 1950, the Canada Steamship Lines cruise ship "Quebec" burned at the wharf in Tadoussac, Que., and seven people died.

In 1965, five days of rioting in Watts, a black area of Los Angeles, ended, leaving 32 people dead and 826 injured.

In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Arts Fair began on Max Yasgur's farm near Woodstock, New York.

In 1971, hurricane Beth swept across Nova Scotia, dropping 296 millimetres of rain on Halifax and washing away highways and bridges.

In 1972, Toronto Maple Leafs owner Harold Ballard was convicted of fraud and theft. He was later sentenced to three years in prison.

In 1973, the Canadian yacht "Greenpeace III" was boarded and seized by French sailors while Greenpeace members were protesting French nuclear tests at Mururoa Atoll in the Pacific. …

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