Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Ottawa Spends $3 Million to Battle First Nations Child Welfare Case

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Ottawa Spends $3 Million to Battle First Nations Child Welfare Case

Article excerpt

Millions spent on First Nations welfare case


OTTAWA - The federal government has been billed more than $3 million for its unsuccessful attempts to keep a high-stakes battle over First Nations child welfare out of the courts.

Invoices obtained through Access to Information show the Justice Department, acting on behalf of Aboriginal Affairs, paid out at least $3.1 million for legal services between 2007 and June 2012.

Government lawyers were trying to quash claims from First Nations child rights advocates that Ottawa is short-changing native communities by funding child welfare services at 22 per cent below provincial levels.

The First Nations Child and Family Caring Society and the Assembly of First Nations launched a human rights challenge that dates back to 2007.

They say the federal government is discriminating by not providing the same level of child welfare support to First Nations children as other children in Canada receive from provincial governments.

Ottawa has challenged the advocates with legal technicalities at every step along the way, arguing that the case does not belong in the court system.

After much back and forth, and more than $3 million later, the Federal Court rejected the government's arguments, ordering a full hearing at the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal.

"They've spent that trying to avoid this hearing on the truth," said Cindy Blackstock, the society's executive director.

"That really raises the question of what they're trying to hide. All we've wanted from the get-go is a factual hearing on whether they're discriminating or not."

Indeed, last week, the tribunal decided to set aside several weeks of hearings on the issue in February and March.

"I'm expecting Canada to really drag it out and use about any tactic they can to drag it out," said Blackstock.

Blackstock obtained the federal invoices through an Access to Information request and provided the documents to The Canadian Press.

At stake is far more than federal funding for child welfare.

If the First Nations advocates win the day, the case will put pressure on Ottawa to increase child welfare funding, as well as to match provincial funding in other areas of First Nations services, such as schooling, special education, policing and health.

Already, First Nations have started legal action on special education and policing in Ontario, using similar arguments to the child welfare case.

Victory for the First Nations could cost Ottawa billions.

"We think that after these cases go through, the federal government's programs for First Nations people will need a drastic overhaul in order to deliver services equal to what other Canadians receive," said Kent Elson, a Toronto lawyer who is involved in the policing and special education challenges.

But if the government wins, recently won powers for First Nations to launch human rights complaints would be severely restricted, the acting head of the Canadian Human Rights Commission has said. …

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