Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Nov. 2

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Nov. 2

Article excerpt

Today in History - Nov. 2

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Today in History for Nov. 2:

On this date:

In 1164, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket began a six-year self-imposed exile in France. Once a close friend of England's Henry II, Becket had become an outspoken opponent of the king's royal policies.

In 1533, evangelist John Calvin was forced to flee from Paris after writing a series of Reformation pamphlets and sermons. With police on his trail, Calvin lowered himself from a window on bedsheets and escaped Paris dressed as a farmer. For the next three years, he wandered around under assumed names, finally settling in Geneva, where he became one of the leading theologians of the Reformation.

In 1755, Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna.

In 1796, Six Nations natives authorized Chief Brant to sell their land.

In 1833, William Lyon Mackenzie was expelled from the Upper Canada legislature for the third time.

In 1869, Louis Riel seized Fort Garry in Winnipeg during the Red River Rebellion.

In 1889, North Dakota and South Dakota were made the 39th and 40th U.S. states.

In 1911, the citizens of Montreal contributed $1.5 million to McGill University.

In 1917, British foreign secretary Arthur Balfour issued a declaration calling for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people." This formal recognition planted a concept that eventually led to the establishment of the modern state of Israel.

In 1920, one of the first commercial radio stations in North America, KDKA in Pittsburgh, began broadcasting from a makeshift shack atop one of Westinghouse Electric's manufacturing buildings. About 1,000 listeners heard the first election results ever broadcast on radio -- and learned that Warren Harding had defeated James Cox in the U.S. presidential race.

In 1924, a crossword puzzle appeared for the first time in the British newspaper "Sunday Express."

In 1930, Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia.

In 1935, Lord Tweedsmuir was sworn in as governor general of Canada and held the post until he died in 1940. He had been well known as John Buchan, writer of fiction, poetry and history. Among his famous works are "Lord Minto" and "The Thirty-Nine Steps." He instituted the Governor General's Awards for literature in 1937.

In 1936, the Canadian Department of Transport was established.

In 1936, the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. was created to replace the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission. The CBC was given power to regulate private stations and also disseminate Canadian culture to counter the growing American influence in broadcasting. In 1952, it expanded beyond radio into television. The CBC provides programming in both official languages.

In 1947, wartime rationing of food, nylon, gasoline and other items ended in Canada.

In 1947, Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden flying boat, the Hughes H4 Hercules (dubbed the "Spruce Goose" by detractors), on its only flight, which lasted about a minute over Long Beach Harbor in California.

In 1948, Harry S. Truman was elected president of the United States. Despite deep divisions within the Democratic party over Truman's efforts to protect civil rights, he narrowly beat Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey, who had been favored to win the election.

In 1963, South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem was assassinated in a military coup.

In 1964, a United Nations peacekeeping conference began in Ottawa.

In 1970, the federal and Quebec governments offered rewards of up to $75,000 for information leading to the arrest of the kidnappers of James Cross and Pierre Laporte.

In 1971, Dr. Gerhard Herzberg of the National Research Council of Canada received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work in molecular spectroscopy.

In 1976, former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter became the first candidate from the Deep South since the Civil War to be elected U.S. …

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