Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 2

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 2

Article excerpt

Today in History - Jan. 2

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Today in History for Jan. 2:

On this date:

In 1492, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile ended Muslim rule in Spain by conquering Granada, the last Muslim stronghold in the country.

In 1727, James Wolfe, commander of the British expedition that captured Quebec in 1759, was born at Westerham, England. Wolfe saw action in many famous battles during his career, including Culloden in Scotland. He died of his wounds during the battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec.

In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1826, the Supreme Court of Newfoundland was established.

In 1872, Canada and the U.S. exchanged telegraphic weather reports for the first time.

In 1881, Group of Seven artist Frederick Varley was born in Sheffield, England.

In 1884, a railway collision at the Humber River, just west of Toronto, took 31 lives.

In 1908, the Royal Canadian Mint opened on Sussex Drive in Ottawa as a division of Britain's Royal Mint. The first coin struck was a 50-cent piece. In its early years, it produced gold sovereigns, Canadian coins, refined gold and even gun parts for Britain during the First World War. It was renamed the Royal Canadian Mint in 1931.

In 1929, bush pilots Wilfrid Reid "Wop" May and Vic Horner left Edmonton to fly diphtheria vaccines to Fort Vermilion, Alta, 1,600 kilometres north. It had taken a 12-day journey by dogsled to bring news of the emergency to the nearest telegraph. The flyers made the journey in an open aircraft, with oil burners to keep the vaccine from freezing. They were met by 10,000 people when they returned to Edmonton.

In 1929, Canada and the United States reached an agreement of joint action to preserve Niagara Falls. The deal limited the daytime diversion of water through hydro-electric stations to keep the spectacle for tourists.

In 1935, Bruno Richard Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr. He was convicted the following month and executed in April, 1936.

In 1935, at the height of the Depression, Prime Minister R.B. Bennett began a series of live radio speeches outlining a "New Deal" for Canada.

In 1942, a declaration of the United Nations was signed by Canada and 27 other nations at war with the Axis powers. They pledged not to make a separate armistice or peace.

In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during the Second World War.

In 1951, federal Trade Minister C.D. Howe announced that a $30-million atomic facility would be built at Chalk River, Ont.

In 1959, the Soviet Union launched its space probe "Luna 1," the first manmade object to fly past the moon, its apparent intended target.

In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination. …

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