Former boxer Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter dies
TORONTO - Rubin "Hurricane'' Carter, the former American boxer who became a global champion for the wrongfully convicted after spending almost 20 years in prison for a triple murder he didn't commit, died at his home in Toronto on Sunday.
He was 76.
His long-time friend and co-accused, John Artis, said Carter died in his sleep after a lengthy battle with prostate cancer.
"It's a big loss to those who are in institutions that have been wrongfully convicted," Artis told The Canadian Press.
"He dedicated the remainder of his life, once we were released from prison, to fighting for the cause."
Artis quit his job stateside and moved to Toronto to act as Carter's caregiver after his friend was diagnosed with cancer nearly three years ago.
During the final few months, as Carter's health took a turn for the worse, Artis said the man who was immortalized in a Bob Dylan song and a Hollywood film came to grips with the fact that he was dying.
"He tried to accomplish as much as he possibly could prior to his passing," Artis said, noting Carter's efforts earlier this year to bring about the release of a New York City man incarcerated since 1985 -- the year Carter was freed.
"He didn't express very much about his legacy. That'll be established for itself through the results of his work. That's primarily what he was concerned about -- his work," Artis said.
Born on May 6, 1937, into a family of seven children, Carter struggled with a hereditary speech impediment and was sent to a juvenile reform centre at 12 after an assault. He escaped and joined the Army in 1954, experiencing racial segregation and learning to box while in West Germany.
Carter then committed a series of muggings after returning home, spending four years in various state prisons.
He began his pro boxing career in 1961. He was fairly short for a middleweight, but his aggression and high punch volume made him effective.
Carter's life changed forever one summer night in 1966, when two white men and a white woman were gunned down in a New Jersey Bar.
Police were searching for what witnesses described as two black men in a white car, and pulled over Carter and Artis a half-hour after the shootings.
Though there was no physical evidence linking them to the crime and eyewitnesses at the time of the slayings couldn't identify them as the killers, Carter was convicted along with Artis. Their convictions were overturned in 1975, but both were found guilty a second time in a retrial a year later.
After 19 years behind bars, Carter was finally freed in 1985 when a federal judge overturned the second set of convictions, citing a racially biased prosecution. Artis was also exonerated after being earlier paroled in 1981.
Carter later moved to Toronto and became the founding executive director of the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted, which has secured the release of 18 people since 1993. …