Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - May 15

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - May 15

Article excerpt

Today in History - May 15


Today in History for May 15:

On this date:

In 1248, Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden laid the cornerstone for a cathedral in Cologne, Germany. The Gothic masterpiece, which was not completed until 1880, was hit 14 times by bombs during the Second World War but did not collapse. Today it is a UNESCO world heritage site.

In 1556, Protestant leader John Knox appeared at the Church of Blackfriars in Edinburgh to face charges of heresy. The Catholic bishops had hoped to humble him. Instead he turned the tables and scored a stunning triumph. He later led the Reformation in Scotland.

In 1718, James Puckle, a London lawyer, patented the world's first machine-gun.

In 1800, Britain's King George III escaped two assassination attempts in one day.

In 1814, during the war of 1812, about 500 U.S. troops crossed the border into Canada from Erie, Pa., and destroyed the town of Port Dover.

In 1879, a protective tariff was adopted by Canada as national policy.

In 1885, the North-West Rebellion ended when Metis leader Louis Riel surrendered in Batoche, Sask.

In 1912, the boundaries of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec were extended.

In 1919, the Winnipeg General Strike began and the city was paralyzed for 41 days. An armed charge by the RCMP on June 21, which became known as "Bloody Saturday," killed one and injured 30. The Robson Commission, which later investigated the walkout by 30,000 workers, found it had been aimed only at improving wages and labour's bargaining position. But most government bodies feared a Bolshevik revolution was brewing. A number of labour leaders were jailed under wartime sedition laws, which were not repealed until 1936.

In 1930, registered nurse Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport (a forerunner of United Airlines).

In 1940, the first nylon stockings went on sale in Wilmington, Delaware, where 780,000 pairs were sold the first day. The material was developed by a scientist at DuPont, which is based in Wilmington.

In 1941, New York Yankees outfielder Joe DiMaggio began his record 56-game hitting streak with a single off Edgar Smith of the Chicago White Sox.

In 1944, 14,000 Jews from Munkacs, Hungary, were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi occupied Poland.

In 1948, the day-old state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.

In 1956, an RCAF airplane crashed into the Grey Nuns' Home for the Aged at Orleans, Ont., killing 15 people, including 11 Roman Catholic nuns.

In 1957, Britain detonated its first atomic bomb in the Pacific.

In 1970, the International Olympic Committee expelled South Africa. The ban was lifted in 1993 after South Africa moved toward a multi-racial democracy.

In 1972, U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning in Maryland. …

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