Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Dec. 30

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Dec. 30

Article excerpt

Today in History - Dec. 30

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Today in History for Dec. 30:

On this date:

In 1384, the English religious reformer John Wycliffe died of a stroke. He was a bold critic of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church and believed the Church should return to the Scriptures. Under his direction, the entire Bible was translated into English for the first time.

In 1813, British troops and Canadian militia raided Black Rock and Buffalo. The raid was in retaliation for an attack 18 days earlier when Brig.-Gen. George McClure's American troops burned the Canadian settlements of Niagara and Queenston. The two American villages were burned and four schooners were destroyed by the British troops.

In 1824, Upper Canada Legislature in York (now Toronto) was destroyed by fire.

In 1851, Asa Griggs Candler was born. He's known for purchasing the formula for Coca-Cola in 1887.

In 1853, the United States and Mexico signed a treaty under which the U.S. agreed to buy some 45,000 square miles of land from Mexico for $10 million in a deal known as the Gadsden Purchase. The area covered by the agreement is located in present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico.

In 1865, Rudyard Kipling, English poet, novelist and story writer, was born in Mumbai, India. Educated in England but returning to India at age 17, Kipling's most famous works include "The Jungle Book," "Captains Courageous," and "Kim."

In 1869, humorist Stephen Leacock was born in Swanmoor, England. He was a successful teacher of economics and political science at McGill University in Montreal but is best remembered for his humorous writing. Leacock's fame was cemented in two works, "Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town" and "Arcadian Adventures with the Idle Rich." The Leacock Medal for Humour was established in his honour. He died in 1944.

In 1870, Manitoba held its first provincial election.

In 1878, "Bible Bill" Aberhart, the first Social Credit premier of Alberta, was born in Brantford, Ont.

In 1881, the Royal Society of Canada was founded to advance learning and research in Canada.

In 1903, 602 people died when fire destroyed the Iroquois Theatre in Chicago.

In 1907, the Mills Commission issued its final report concluding that Abner Doubleday invented baseball -- a finding that few sports historians embrace.

In 1909, gold was discovered in Porcupine, Ont.

In 1911, Sun Yat-sen was elected the first provisional president of China.

In 1912, a train was used to carry wheat in Canada for the first time.

In 1922, Vladimir Lenin proclaimed the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics -- the USSR.

In 1936, the United Auto Workers union staged its first "sit-down" strike, at the Fisher Body Plant No. 1 in Flint, Mich.

In 1941, a famous photo of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill -- scowling after his ubiquitous cigar was taken away -- was snapped in Ottawa by Canadian photographer Yousuf Karsh.

In 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gave an electrifying speech to Canada's Parliament. The public galleries were filled to hear Churchill declare that the countries must work together for "the total and final extirpation of the Hitler tyranny, the Japanese frenzy and the Mussolini flop."

In 1949, the Communist Peoples' Republic of Romania was proclaimed.

In 1953, Admiral began selling the first colour television sets for consumers. The price was US$1,175.

In 1967, Vincent Massey, the first Canadian-born governor general, died in London. He was 80.

In 1971, the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission announced that an agreement had been reached between the two Christian traditions on the essential teachings about the Eucharist. …

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