Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - May 26

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - May 26

Article excerpt

Today in History - May 26

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Today in History for May 26:

On this date:

In 735, Bede the Venerable, known as the father of English church history, Benedictine monk, priest, writer, hymn writer, died at about age 62. He was educated at Jarrow and spent the rest of his life in the monastery in Northumberland, in the north of England.

In 1232, Pope Gregory IX sent the first Inquisition team to Aragon in Spain, after turning its details over to the Dominicans the previous year.

In 1538, Geneva expelled Protestant church reformer John Calvin. Calvin's rigorous plans for reform of church and city clashed with the Swiss city's long-standing moral indifference.

In 1805, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned King of Italy.

In 1858, In Pittsburgh, the Associate Presbyterian and the Associate Reformed Presbyterian churches merged to form the United Presbyterian Church in North America.

In 1874, the Dominion Elections Act became law. It introduced the secret ballot and simultaneous elections, and abolished property qualifications for MPs.

In 1887, Canada was given the power to negotiate commercial treaties with foreign countries.

In 1887, the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway was opened for public traffic -- 18 months after the last spike was driven at Craigellachie, B.C. Trains had been running from Montreal to Vancouver for a year, but passengers now could ride all the way on 4,700 kilometres of CPR track.

In 1896, the Imperial Privy Council gave the Canadian government power over fisheries.

In 1896, 55 occupants of a streetcar died when a bridge collapsed in Victoria.

In 1906, the city of Saskatoon was incorporated.

In 1908, the first major oil strike in the Middle East occurred in Masjid-i-Suleiman, Persia (Iran).

In 1913, the first woman magistrate in Britain was appointed.

In 1913, the Actors' Equity Association was organized.

In 1919, actor Jay Silverheels was born Harold J. Smith on the Six Nations Reserve near Brantford, Ont. Silverheels, who was also a star boxer and lacrosse player, gained fame as "The Lone Ranger's" sidekick "Tonto" on television and in movies during the 1950s. He died on March 5, 1980.

In 1940, the evacuation of allied troops from Dunkirk, France, began during the Second World War.

In 1943, Quebec passed a law requiring free and compulsory education in the province.

In 1946, physicists Janos Von Neumann and Klaus Fuchs were granted a patent for the fusion or "H-bomb."

In 1966, British Guiana became independent and took the name Guyana.

In 1969, the "Apollo 10" astronauts returned to Earth after an eight-day dress rehearsal for the first manned moon landing by the U.S.

In 1972, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in Moscow.

In 1981, 14 people were killed when a Marine jet crashed onto the flight deck of the aircraft carrier "USS Nimitz" off Florida.

In 1989, riding "Commander Bond" to victory at New York's Yonkers Raceway, Canada's Herve Filion became the first harness racing driver to win 10,000 races. …

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