Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - June 27

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - June 27

Article excerpt

Today in History - June 27

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Today in History for June 27:

On this date:

In 1299, in his encyclical "Scimus fili," Pope Boniface VIII claimed that Scotland owed allegiance to the Catholic Church.

In 1759, British Gen. James Wolfe landed his army near Quebec City and blocked the St. Lawrence River to French shipping. After a siege lasting 75 days, the 33-year-old Wolfe led his troops up the cliff behind Quebec City to the Plains of Abraham, where they defeated Montcalm's garrison and captured the city. Both commanders died in battle.

In 1844, Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, and his brother Hyrum were lynched by a mob in Carthage, Ill., resulting in part from the community's moral outrage at Smith's authorization of polygamous Mormon marriages.

In 1847, the New York-Boston telegraph was completed.

In 1860, the inaugural Queen's Plate was run near Toronto and was won by "Don Juan." The Queen's Plate is the oldest uninterrupted stakes race in North America.

In 1880, author and lecturer Helen Keller -- who was blind, deaf and mute from the age of two -- was born in Alabama.

In 1896, Canada's first public film screening took place at the Paris Theatre in Montreal.

In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.

In 1967, the first ATM -- automatic teller machine -- was installed at a branch of Barclays PLC in a north London suburb.

In 1972, one of the most sensational player signings in hockey history took place. Superstar left winger Bobby Hull left the NHL's Chicago Blackhawks to join the Winnipeg Jets of the fledgling World Hockey Association.

In 1978, responding to reports of a forest fire, volunteer firefighters from Lac-des-Loups, Quebec raced towards a plume of smoke on the horizon. When the smoke kept moving away from them, they realized they were chasing a tornado.

In 1984, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was named the 1984 winner of the Albert Einstein peace prize for his global campaign to ease East-West tensions.

In 1986, Jean Drapeau announced he would not seek a ninth term as Montreal's mayor. He had held office for nearly 30 years, bringing the city its subway system, Expo '67, major league baseball and the 1976 Olympics.

In 1986, Irish voters overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to lift a ban on divorce.

In 1989, baseball history was made as the Toronto Blue Jays played the Baltimore Orioles. Toronto's Cito Gaston and Baltimore's Frank Robinson were the first black managers to oppose each other in a regular-season game.

In 1990, Queen Elizabeth began a five-day Canadian tour in Calgary.

In 1991, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled unions can collect dues from non-union members in a bargaining unit and use the money for activities unrelated to collective bargaining.

In 1992, the Toronto Star was unable to publish for the first time in 99 years. The paper was in the middle of a strike and only 56 pages of feature sections printed earlier in the week were distributed -- for free. …

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