Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - June 25

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - June 25

Article excerpt

Today in History - June 25

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Today in History for June 25:

On this date:

In 1580, the "German Book of Concord" was published, containing all the official confessions of the Lutheran Church. English translations of the entire work were not available before 1851.

In 1630, the table fork was introduced to North America.

In 1744, the first Methodist conference convened in London. This new society within Anglicanism imposed strict disciplines upon its members, formally separating from the Established Church in 1795.

In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte delivered a farewell address before beginning his exile on the South Atlantic island of St. Helena.

In 1858, B.C.'s first newspaper, "The Victoria Gazette and Anglo-American," was published.

In 1876, General George Custer's U.S. army regiment was massacred in the battle of the "Little Big Horn" in Montana. Two-hundred-and-sixty-three soldiers, including Custer, died in the engagement with several thousand Lakota and Cheyenne warriors. The U.S. military concluded Custer made several mistakes that led to the massacre.

In 1903, English novelist George Orwell (real name Eric Arthur Blair), who wrote "Animal Farm" and "1984" was born.

In 1940, Prince Edward Island adopted prohibition.

In 1941, Finland declared war on the Soviet Union.

In 1945, Robert Charlebois, one of Quebec's most influential pop singers, was born in Montreal.

In 1950, the Korean War began when 240 North Korean tanks crossed the 38th parallel without warning to invade South Korea. The conflict -- which ended July 27, 1953 -- saw the forces of the United Nations team with those of South Korea against Chinese Communists. The bitter struggle swept almost the entire length of the peninsula. Of the more than 25,000 Canadians in the UN force, 312 died.

In 1951, the first commercial colour television broadcast was made by CBS.

In 1963, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union initiated a nuclear test-ban treaty.

In 1968, two notable firsts accompanied a sweeping victory for Pierre Trudeau's Liberals in a federal election. Lincoln Alexander became Canada's first black MP when he won a Hamilton seat for the Conservatives. Len Marchand's victory in Kamloops, B.C., made him the first aboriginal to sit in the House of Commons.

In 1970, royal assent was given to the revised "Canada Elections Act," which lowered the federal voting age from 21 to 18.

In 1973, former White House adviser John Dean told a Senate committee that U.S. President Richard Nixon knew in advance about the plot to cover up political involvement in the 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Headquarters.

In 1991, the western Yugoslav republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence.

In 1993, David Letterman signed off his "Late Night" talk show on NBC for the last time. He jumped to CBS, and his new talk show premiered Aug. 30.

In 1993, Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's first woman prime minister. She held office for only 132 days due to the Conservatives' overwhelming loss in the federal election later that year. …

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