Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 22

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 22

Article excerpt

Today in History - July 22

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Today in History for July 22:

On this date:

In 1582, England's first newspaper, the "English Mercurii," began publication.

In 1620, a small congregation of English Separatists, led by John Robinson, began their emigration to the New World. Today, this historic group of religious refugees has come to be known as the Pilgrims.

In 1793, Sir Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish-born explorer and fur trader, reached the Pacific Ocean at Dean Channel after crossing the Canadian Rockies. To mark the achievement, he painted on a rock the inscription: Alex Mackenzie from Canada by Land 22nd July, 1793.

In 1847, the Mormons founded Salt Lake City in Utah, where they built a settlement under the leadership of Brigham Young.

In 1847, the Imperial Act gave Canada control of taxation.

In 1864, Union Army Gen. William Sherman captured Atlanta during the Civil War.

In 1892, fire destroyed most of St. John's, Nfld.

In 1898, sculptor Alexander Calder was born in Lawnton, Pa.

In 1908, etiquette authority Amy Vanderbilt was born at Staten Island, N.Y.

In 1915, Canada's foremost railway surveyor and construction engineer, Sir Sanford Fleming, died in Halifax at age 86. He was Canada's leading railway surveyor in the 19th century and helped devise a route for the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Rockies. Fleming also helped develop a way to divide the world into time zones and also designed Canada's first postage stamp.

In 1933, Wiley Post completed the first around-the-world solo flight. Piloting his Lockheed monoplane, Post covered a total of 25,099 kilometres in seven days, 18 hours and 49 minutes. On this flight he proved the value of navigation instruments, including the automatic pilot, that later came into common use in airline service.

In 1934, FBI agents shot American gangster John Dillinger to death as he left a Chicago movie theatre. He was among a host of criminals in the 1930s Depression era whose exploits dominated the attention of the American media. Dillinger was idolized by some as a modern day Robin Hood -- while others regarded him as a dangerous criminal. At the time of his death, he had been named America's first "Public Enemy Number One" by the FBI, with a $10,000 reward on his head.

In 1943, Allied forces captured Palermo, Sicily, during the Second World War.

In 1948, Newfoundlanders voted narrowly in a referendum to join Confederation. Newfoundland had been a British Dominion until 1934 and the onset of the Great Depression when, saddled with crushing debts, it reverted to crown colony status. The campaign for confederation with Canada was led by journalist Joey Smallwood, who was asked to form an interim government after Newfoundland officially became a province on March 31, 1949, and whose Liberals went on to win the first general election.

In 1950, William Lyon Mackenzie King died at age 75. He served as Canada's prime minister for a record 22 years between 1921 and 1948.

In 1953, the final Korean War casualty list was issued, showing 1,500 Canadian soldiers killed or wounded.

In 1962, a Canadian Pacific airliner crashed in an emergency landing at Honolulu, killing 27 people, including 11 Canadians.

In 1965, the Ontario Court of Appeal reversed an earlier decision which had denied Canadian citizenship to Ernest and Cornelia Bergsma of the Netherlands because they were atheists.

In 1965, Sir Alec Douglas-Home resigned as leader of the Conservative party in Britain.

In 1968, a fire at the Basilica of St. Boniface, Man., destroyed priceless items of western Canadian history.

In 1969, Prince Juan Carlos of Borbon was named the future King of Spain by Gen. Francisco Franco.

In 1974, about 100 armed Ojibwa Indians seized the Anicinabe Park at Kenora, Ont.

In 1981, the tradition of men-only taverns in Quebec ended when it was announced that taverns licensed since 1979 must post a notice saying women were allowed to enter. …

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