Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 24

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 24

Article excerpt

Today in History - July 24

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Today in History for July 24:

On this date:

In 1216, Cencio Savelli was consecrated Pope Honorius III. During his 11-year pontificate, he confirmed two well-known religious orders: the Dominicans in 1216 and the Franciscans in 1223.

In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier landed on the Gaspe Peninsula in Quebec on the first of his three voyages to North America. At the rocky headland of Gaspe known as Penouille Point, Cartier erected a 10-metre cross bearing the arms of France and claimed the territory for King Francis I.

In 1567, James VI was proclaimed King of Scotland after his mother's abdication.

In 1704, the British and Dutch captured Gibraltar, later ceded to the British by treaty.

In 1783, South American liberator Simon Bolivar was born in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1802, Alexander Dumas, author of "The Three Musketeers," was born in France.

In 1814, the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812 was fought at Lundy's Lane. The British suffered 878 casualties with 84 killed, and the Americans had 853 with 171 killed. Although neither side could claim victory, the battle checked the advance of invading U.S. forces and they withdrew to Fort Erie.

In 1824, the results of the world's first public opinion poll were published in Delaware. The subject was voting intentions for the next U.S. presidential election.

In 1846, the electric telegraph was demonstrated at Toronto.

In 1866, Tennessee was re-admitted to the United States.

In 1883, Captain Matthew Webb drowned while attempting to swim the rapids above Niagara Falls. Eight years earlier, he had become the first person to swim the English Channel.

In 1899, Oscar-nominated actor Chief Dan George was born on the Burrard Indian Reserve in B.C. He died in 1981.

In 1915, the excursion steamer "Eastland" overturned in the Chicago River, with the loss of 812 lives.

In 1918, on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, the cornerstone for Hebrew University was laid by Dr. Chaim Weizmann. Weizmann was later elected the first president of the modern state of Israel.

In 1922, the League of Nations approved the British mandate for Palestine.

In 1929, 60-year-old Abraham Lincoln Monteverde won the longest footrace in recorded history. The oldest contestant was also the only one to finish the 5,000-km course from New York to San Francisco. It took him 73 days, 10 hours and 10 minutes.

In 1958, the national CCF convention in Winnipeg accepted a Canadian Labour Congress proposal to found a "people's political movement." The New Democratic Party came into being in 1961.

In 1959, during a visit to Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon engaged in his famous "Kitchen Debate" with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. (The impromptu exchanges occurred in the kitchen of a model home at the American National Exhibition, with each man arguing for his country's technological advances.)

In 1967, French President Charles de Gaulle delivered his "Vive le Quebec Libre!" speech from the balcony of Montreal city hall to a crowd of 10,000 gathered to hear his address. After a public rebuke from Prime Minister Lester Pearson, de Gaulle returned to France a day ahead of schedule.

In 1969, the "Apollo 11" spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific, ending the historic flight which first put a man on the moon.

In 1974, U.S. President Richard Nixon was ordered by the Supreme Court to surrender the "Watergate" tapes. The decision led to Nixon's resignation two weeks later.

In 1984, federal party leaders John Turner, Brian Mulroney and Ed Broadbent met in the first televised election debate held solely in French.

In 1988, Palm Dairies of Edmonton created the world's largest ice cream sundae. …

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