Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 27

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - July 27

Article excerpt

Today in History - July 27

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Today in History for July 27:

On this date:

In 1606, the first permanent French colony in Canada was established at Port Royal, N.S.

In 1866, the laying of the first successful transatlantic cable was completed with the landing of the 3,034-km cable at Heart's Content, Nfld. The achievement marked the establishment of instantaneous communication between North America and Europe. The first cable, laid in 1858, failed three weeks after it was complete.

In 1890, Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh shot himself. He died two days later.

In 1891, a railway linking Edmonton and Calgary was completed.

In 1909, Orville Wright established a world duration record for airplanes when he and passenger, Lieutenant Frank Lahm, remained aloft for one hour and 12 minutes.

In 1921, insulin was discovered by Frederick Banting and Charles Best at the University of Toronto. The discovery and the demonstration of insulin's beneficial effects on diabetes are considered one of the great medical achievements of the 20th century and earned Banting the Nobel Prize in 1923.

In 1940, Bugs Bunny made his debut as Warner Brothers released the animated short, "A Wild Hare."

In 1953, the three-year Korean War ended with the signing of an armistice in Panmunjon. During the conflict, United Nations and South Korean forces had 500,000 troops killed, wounded, or missing in action. The dead included 516 Canadians. Despite the armistice, Korea remains sharply divided along the heavily fortified 38th parallel.

In 1960, Canadian army units were formed for service in the Congo on behalf of the United Nations.

In 1964, Sir Winston Churchill, the longest-serving British MP in history, made his last appearance in the Commons. The former prime minister died at age 90 the following January.

In 1974, in televised hearings, a U.S. judiciary committee voted to impeach President Richard Nixon. Nixon resigned two weeks later after tapes proved he had covered up his involvement in the Watergate affair. He was the first president in U.S. history to resign.

In 1979, the first of 10 military flights bringing Vietnamese refugees to Canada arrived in Vancouver.

In 1980, the deposed Shah of Iran died at age 60 in a military hospital near Cairo.

In 1982, the Montreal Expos won their 1,000th game with a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs.

In 1989, thousands of pro-choice supporters demonstrated in Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver and other cities to protest the Quebec court decision to prevent Chantal Daigle from having an abortion.

In 1996, rowers Marnie McBean of Toronto and Kathleen Heddle of Vancouver became the first Canadians to win three Olympic gold medals. On the same day, sprinter Donovan Bailey of Oakville, Ont., won the men's 100-metre race in a then world record time of 9.84 seconds. (In Aug. …

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