Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - March 9

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - March 9

Article excerpt

Today in History - March 9

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Today in History for March 9:

On this date:

In 1541, Jean-Francois de la Rocque Roberval obtained authorization from France to take criminals to Canada to found a colony.

In 1796, French general Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine de Beauharnais (nee Tascher de la Pagerie). They divorced in 1809.

The War of 1812 was triggered when the letters of British spy John Henry were read to the U.S. Congress.

In 1822, a patent for artificial teeth was granted to Charles Graham of New York City.

In 1824, Lower Canada, now Quebec, gave priests authority to provide a school for every 100 families.

In 1831, the French Foreign Legion was founded.

In 1855, the first train crossed the suspension bridge at Niagara Falls, the day after it had been declared open.

In 1858, Gustavus Dows opened the first soda fountain in Lowell, Mass.

In 1858, Albert Potts of Philadelphia patented the street mailbox.

In 1870, the British Columbia legislature passed a resolution to send a delegation to Ottawa to negotiate joining Confederation.

In 1907, a Hamilton, Ont., news dealer was fined $30 for selling American newspapers on a Sunday.

In 1918, the Russian capital was moved from Petrograd, now St. Petersburg, to Moscow.

In 1928, the first telephone call between Vancouver and London, England, was made.

In 1929, Alberta premier J. E. Brownlee refused to introduce a law for an eight-hour day, saying it was unfair to farmers.

In 1932, China's last emperor, Henry Pu Yi, was installed by Japanese occupation forces as the ruler of Manchuria.

In 1934, Yuri Gagarin, the Soviet cosmonaut who in 1961 became the first man to travel in space, was born. He died in a plane crash in 1968, seven years after his space flight.

In 1945, U.S. Air Force Superfortress bombers, 279 in number, dropped tonnes of incendiary bombs on Tokyo. The bombing caused a massive fire storm which destroyed thousands of homes and killed about 120,000 people, making it the most deadly raid of the war, including the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Osaka, Kobe and Nagoya were devastated by similar raids in the ensuing days.

In 1951, Parliament approved the incorporation of TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. The company was to build and operate a 5,000-kilometre gas pipeline system from Alberta's oilfields to Montreal.

In 1959, Mattel's Barbie doll, created by Ruth Handler, made its public debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.

In 1961, the Soviet Union sent the first dog into space aboard "Sputnik."

In 1970, Canada's first Arctic Winter Games were officially opened in Yellowknife by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The Games, held every two years, are open to residents of the Canadian North, Alaska and Greenland. Events include hockey, curling, badminton, volleyball, and aboriginal activities such as dog-sledding and drum-dancing. …

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