Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Feb. 28

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Feb. 28

Article excerpt

Today in History - Feb. 28

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Today in History for Feb. 28:

In 1759, for the first time, Pope Clement XIII permitted the Bible to be translated and made available in the languages of all peoples in the Roman Catholic states.

In 1849, the ship "California" arrived in San Francisco carrying the first of the gold seekers.

In 1854, about 50 people opposed to slavery met at a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wis., to call for a new political organization. The group would later take the name of the Republican Party.

In 1860, an oil gusher was discovered in Enniskillen, Ont., a town later re-named Petrolia.

In 1876, the Parliamentary Library in Ottawa opened. The building's architectural beauty and grandeur was proclaimed around the world, however, it was obvious from the start that it did not have enough space for all of the books in the Parliamentary collection. The building escaped a fire that hit the original Centre Block in 1916, but had to be restored after a 1952 fire that burned for 10 hours in the building's dome.

In 1877, the University of Manitoba was founded.

In 1922, the British protectorate over Egypt ended.

In 1931, the Canadian Rugby Union adopted the forward pass in football.

In 1944, Dutch Christian Corrie ten Boom and her family were arrested by Nazi secret police for harbouring Jews, who managed to escape. Corrie was the only member of her family to survive the Holocaust.

In 1952, Vincent Massey was sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General. Born in Toronto in 1887, he was president of the Massey-Harris Company from 1921-25. He was appointed minister without portfolio in the Mackenzie King cabinet in 1925 but failed to win a seat in Parliament. Massey was Canada's first ambassador to the U.S., from 1926-30, and Canadian high commissioner in London from 1935-46. The brother of actor Raymond Massey, he left Rideau Hall in 1959 and died in 1967.

In 1953, scientists James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick announced they had discovered the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule that contains the human genes.

In 1956, a restaurant in Chatham, Ont., was fined $50 for refusing to serve two black students.

In 1964, the Toronto International Airport terminal building was opened.

In 1971, the male voters of Liechtenstein defeated a referendum on giving women the vote.

In 1975, 41 people were killed when a London subway train crashed into the end of a tunnel.

In 1977, Parliament created Via Rail Canada to operate the country's passenger rail service.

In 1983, the European Community agreed to a two-year ban on the importation of seal pup skins.

In 1983, the final episode of "M.A.S.H." attracted what was, at the time, the largest TV audience in U.S. history. The series ran 11 seasons and its two-and a-half-hour finale was watched by 105.97 million people.

In 1984, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau went for a walk in an Ottawa blizzard and decided to resign. He announced his decision the next day.

In 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme was assassinated on a downtown Stockholm street. The crime has never been solved.

In 1993, a raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, touched off a standoff between cult members and U. …

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