Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - March 25

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - March 25

Article excerpt

Today in History - March 25

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Today in History for March 25:

In 1409, rebel bishops met at Pisa and voted to excommunicate the two popes, Benedict XIII and Gregory XII. They chose the Cardinal of Milan to assume the papacy, which meant there were three men claiming to be pope. This "Great Schism" ended in 1414 when one pope was deposed, inducing the resignation of the other. They were replaced by Pope Martin V.

In 1880, George Brown, editor of Toronto's "Globe" newspaper and a Father of Confederation, was shot by a disgruntled employee he never knew. Brown's seemingly minor leg wound became infected and he died May 9th at the age of 61. His killer, George Bennett, was hanged.

In 1886, the first Workmen's Compensation Act in Canada was passed by the Ontario legislature.

In 1905, Britain and the United States established the Canada-Alaska boundary. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt told the British government the boundary must be set his way or troops would be sent to enforce it. Canada was left out of the talks and ended up with no seaports in northern B.C. or the Yukon. As a result, Ottawa decided it must handle its own foreign relations and created the External Affairs Department (now Foreign Affairs) in 1909.

In 1911, an 18-minute fire in New York's Triangle Shirtwaist factory killed 146 workers, mostly women. The fire led to many changes in health and safety laws in American sweatshops.

In 1920, controversial American sportscaster and author Howard Cosell was born.

In 1957, the European Common Market was set up by the Treaty of Rome.

In 1958, the first test flight of the Canadian Avro Arrow fighter plane was carried out. But the Arrow program was cancelled by the federal government nearly a year later.

In 1961, the Soviet Union launched "Sputnik 10" with a dog aboard.

In 1965, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to American blacks.

In 1975, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness. The killer was beheaded in June.

In 1982, North America's first test-tube twins, Colin and Gregory Rankin, were born in Oakville, Ont. …

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