Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - April 12

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - April 12

Article excerpt

Today in History - April 12

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Today in History for April 12:

On this date:

In 1065, pilgrims under Bishop Günther of Bamberg (in Germany) reached Jerusalem.

In 1204, the Fourth Crusade occupied and plundered Constantinople.

In 1606, England adopted the original version of the Union Jack as its flag, which combined the flags of England and Scotland.

In 1654, Ireland and Scotland were united with England.

In 1861, the U.S. Civil War began when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.

In 1872, Winnipeg was hit by a record 33 cm of snow.

In 1877, the catcher's mask was first used in a baseball game, by James Tyng of Harvard in a game against the Lynn Live Oaks.

In 1917, women in Ontario won the right to vote.

In 1936, an explosion trapped three men in the Moose River mine in Nova Scotia. Two survivors were brought to the surface 10 days later.

In 1938, New Yorkers were advised that anyone applying for a marriage licence would have to take a syphilis test.

In 1945, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt died in Warm Springs, Ga., of a cerebral hemorrhage at age 63. Vice-President Harry Truman became the 33rd U.S. president.

In 1945, more than 1,000 German and Dutch Jews were liberated by Canadian forces from a camp near Westerbork, Holland. The camp was used as a gathering place for Jews, including Anne Frank, who were sent to death camps farther east.

In 1955, a University of Michigan report declared the Salk polio vaccine to be safe and effective.

In 1960, Maurice "Rocket" Richard scored the last goal of his 18-year NHL career. It helped Montreal defeat Toronto 5-2 in Game Three of the Stanley Cup final. The Canadiens swept the series in four games to win their record fifth consecutive Stanley Cup.

In 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. He orbited Earth once before "Vostok I" re-entered the atmosphere 89 minutes later. Gagarin died seven years later at the age of 38 when his plane crashed during a training mission.

In 1967, the Commons recommended the adoption of "O Canada" as the national anthem. The required law was finally passed in 1980.

In 1980, Terry Fox dipped his artificial leg into the Atlantic Ocean at Cape Spear, Nfld., to start his cross-country "Marathon of Hope" in aid of cancer research. Fox's run ended on Sept. 1 in Thunder Bay, when cancer was discovered in his lungs. He died the following June, a month shy of his 23rd birthday.

In 1981, Joe Louis, who held the world heavyweight boxing championship for a record 12 years, died at age 66.

In 1981, the space shuttle "Columbia" lifted off on the inaugural test flight of the world's first reusable spaceship. "Columbia" disintegrated while re-entering the Earth's atmosphere on Feb. 1, 2003, on its 28th flight. All seven astronauts on board were killed. …

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