Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Sept. 2

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Sept. 2

Article excerpt

Today in History - Sept. 2

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Today n History for Sept. 2:

On this date:

In 1666, "The Great Fire" of London started in a wooden house on Pudding Lane. The fire burned for three days, destroying about 13,200 houses, some bridges and a number of churches and public buildings -- including St. Paul's Cathedral. About 200,000 people were left homeless and six died. The fire is credited with founding the institution of fire insurance.

In 1670, Port Royal, Acadia, was returned to France following the Treaty of Breda.

In 1752, the Gregorian calendar was adopted in England.

In 1758, the first Anglican service of worship to be held on Canadian soil was led by Rev. Robert Wolfall at Frobisher Bay, on Baffin Island.

In 1837, Samuel Morse gave the first public demonstration of his magnetic telegraph.

In 1901, U.S. Vice-President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.

In 1904, the voyage of Capt. John Claus Voss of Victoria, B.C., from Canada to England in a Nootka Indian dugout canoe, ended. Voss took three years, three months and 12 days to cover 64,000 kilometres under sail, almost circumnavigating the globe. His canoe, "The Tilicum," is on display in Victoria. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society to honour his accomplishment.

In 1909, the Scarborough Beach Park, in suburban Toronto, hosted North America's first air show. However, the American plane, "The Flyer," was forced to make an emergency landing in Lake Ontario seconds after taking off.

In 1912, the first Calgary Stampede began. It was instigated by Guy Weadick, an American trick roper who thought Calgary would be a prime location for a big rodeo. The Stampede, which takes place every July, is one of the largest rodeos in the world.

In 1918, Canadian troops cracked Germany's supposedly impregnable Hindenburg Line at two locations in the final stage of the First World War.

In 1930, French aviators Captain Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte completed the first non-stop Paris-to-New York flight in just over 37 hours.

In 1945, the Second World War officially ended when Japan formally surrendered to the Allies aboard the American battleship "Missouri" in Tokyo Bay.

In 1947, the Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, establishing the first peacekeeping alliance under the UN charter, was signed by 19 western countries.

In 1958, Henry Verwoerd became prime minister of South Africa. The Dutch-born Verwoerd transformed apartheid into an effective way of ensuring white domination in the country. He was assassinated in parliament in 1966 by a half-white, half-black legislative page whose intended marriage was thwarted by Verwoerd's segregation laws.

In 1963, "The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite" expanded from 15 to 30 minutes, becoming network television's first half-hour nightly newscast.

In 1965, the Cultural Revolution began in China.

In 1969, the first automatic teller machine (ATM) to utilize magnetic-striped cards was opened to the public at Chemical Bank in New York. (Called a "Docuteller," it was developed by Donald C. Wetzel.)

In 1972, the Soviet Union beat an NHL All-Star team 7-3 in Montreal to open their eight-game Summit Series. Canada rallied to win the series (4-3-1) on three consecutive game-winning goals by Paul Henderson in Moscow.

In 1973, J.R.R. Tolkien, English Christian language scholar and novelist, died at age 81. His 1954-55 "Lord of the Rings" trilogy describes a war between good and evil in which evil is routed through courage and sacrifice. …

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