Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Aug. 29

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Aug. 29

Article excerpt

Today in History - Aug. 29

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Today in History for Aug. 29:

On this date:

In 1583, the "Delight," one of Sir Humphrey Gilbert's ships, ran aground and was lost at Sable Island, drowning 85 people, in one of Canada's first marine disasters. Gilbert was an early publicist for the idea of a Northwest Passage. He was experienced in colonizing Ireland and received letters patent in June 1578 from Queen Elizabeth authorizing him to colonize the coast of North America. His first attempt was frustrated by poor organization, desertion and bad weather. He set out again in June 1583 with five vessels. One ship turned back but the other four, including "Delight," arrived in St. John's, Nfld. in August. Gilbert formally took possession of Newfoundland a couple of days after arriving -- the first English possession in the New World. On Sept. 9, Gilbert went down with the "Squirrel," another of the ships on the expedition.

In 1632, philosopher John Locke was born in Wrington, England.

In 1758, the first U.S. Indian reservation was established in New Jersey.

In 1782, nearly 1,100 people drowned when the British warship "Royal George" sank off Portsmouth while its hull was being repaired.

In 1809, American author Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., was born in Cambridge, Mass.

In 1833, the British Factory Act was passed, regulating child labour.

In 1842, Hong Kong was ceded to the British at the end of the first Opium War. In 1839, China enforced its prohibitions on the importation of opium at Canton by destroying a large quantity of the drug confiscated from British merchants. Britain responded by attacking several coastal cities. China was defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Nanjing, ceding Hong Kong and opening coastal ports to British trade. Hong Kong was restored to Chinese rule on July 1, 1997.

In 1876, auto engineering pioneer Charles Kettering was born in Ohio. His personal inventions included the first electrical ignition system for auto engines and the first practical engine-driven generator. Kettering also headed General Motors' main research lab for 31 years, overseeing such inventions as the refrigerant Freon, four-wheel brakes and safety glass. He died Nov. 25, 1958.

In 1877, Mormon leader Brigham Young died of acute appendicitis in Salt Lake City. He was 76. Sixteen of Young's 27 wives and 44 of his children attended his funeral.

In 1883, the first Salvation Army service in Canada was held at London, Ont.

In 1885, German inventor Gottlieb Daimler patented the first motorcycle.

In 1892, guests at the Windsor Hotel in Ottawa ate the first dinner cooked on an all-electric stove.

In 1896, chop suey was invented in New York City by the chef to the visiting Chinese ambassador.

In 1897, the Zionist movement adopted the Star of David as its official emblem.

In 1907, the Quebec Bridge on the St. Lawrence River collapsed and 75 workmen were killed. Situated 10 kilometres above Quebec City, the structure was begun in 1900 and was one of the largest cantilevered bridges of its time. After the 1907 mishap, work was continued and both riverbank sections were completed. Then, in 1916, the centre span fell into the river and 13 people were killed. When it was completed in September, 1917, the Quebec Bridge was the largest bridge in the world. Some engineers wear a ring on their baby finger in memory of those who died building the Quebec Bridge.

In 1917, Sir Robert Borden's government introduced conscription to bolster the Canadian Expeditionary Force in France. The Military Services Act caused French dissent within Canada and managed to send only 24,132 additional recruits to the First World War front.

In 1919, Prince Edward Island removed its ban on automobiles.

In 1929, the airship Graf Zeppelin completed its first trip around the world.

In 1933, Canadian sculptor Sorel Etrog was born in Romania.

In 1935, Queen Astrid of Belgium was killed and King Leopold injured in a motor accident in Switzerland. …

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