Newspaper article MinnPost.com

How One Man Is Challenging the Over-Representation of Black Students in Special Education

Newspaper article MinnPost.com

How One Man Is Challenging the Over-Representation of Black Students in Special Education

Article excerpt

Keary Saffold can still remember the way his second-grade teacher made him feel when he wrote "God" instead of "good" on a spelling test and she curtly pointed out his mistake.

"It made me feel two inches tall," he said, adding it's the sort of interaction that can trigger or fuel an inferiority complex in youth.

Reflecting on his elementary years in the Minneapolis Public Schools district, Saffold admits he could be "rambunctious" at times, feeling pressure to assert his masculinity while among his peers. But the reason he still thinks back to that particular moment in second grade is because it exemplifies the strained relationship he had with his teacher -- the very teacher who approached his parents, suggesting they get him evaluated for an emotional or behavioral disorder.

"As I look back on it, she didn't know who I was. I was a poseur and she bit the bait," he said. "Society makes a lot of our boys feel like they have to have a certain approach to things, a certain way of handling themselves."

Thankfully, he says, his parents -- both educators -- knew who he really was, and they stood their ground. Rather than allowing anyone to mislabel their boy, they exercised their right to open enroll him in other districts that better fit his needs. He attended public school in Mendota Heights, then a Catholic school in St. Paul, and graduated from the St. Paul Public Schools' Central High School.

Now he's a parent in the Twin Cities, with two boys who have both been flagged by their teachers for emotional or behavioral disorder evaluations. He and his wife also resisted. They eventually moved their youngest son, whose teachers began insisting on an evaluation his kindergarten year, to Best Academy, a charter school in North Minneapolis, during his third-grade year.

"When I transferred him -- same year, same kid, different setting, different teacher, different level of expectation -- he went to the top of his class," Saffold said. "I saw the shift in my son. He was excited. His confidence was through the roof."

Saffold's personal experiences navigating the education system have inspired him to challenge the over-representation of students of color, especially black kids, on emotional or behavioral disorder plans. It's a largely subjective, catchall disability category. And this imbalance signals a need to re-examine how educators' racial biases -- implicit or explicit -- play a role in how this label is being designated.

"I don't see the benefits of anyone ever receiving this label. It's something that I feel like is happening right under our noses. It's a very racist, systematic approach that we've inherited, and something needs to be done about it," he said. "As I look at the many students who have received this label and the trajectory they've been placed on, it ignites my passion to address it."

Recently equipped with a $50,000 pilot-project grant from Minnesota Comeback, Keary is setting out to train 150 parents in the Twin Cities to serve as behavior development advocates at their schools and in their communities. The project aligns with his work as president and CEO of the KWS Consulting firm he established in 2006 and the KWST Behavioral Development Group, which he founded in 2017.

A clear imbalance

A breakdown of the most recent student disability data, from the 2015-16 school year, provided by the state Department of Education shows that racial disparities within special education persist in the Twin Cities.

In the Minneapolis Public Schools district, black students accounted for 67 percent of all students given the emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD) label. Yet black students only made up 36 percent of the student body. Put another way, 4.4 percent of all black students in the district were identified as having this particular disorder.

Portion of Minneapolis Public Schools students classified with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders, by race

In the St. …

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