Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Nov. 3

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Nov. 3

Article excerpt

Today in History - Nov. 3

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Today in History for Nov. 3:

In 1580, English explorer Sir Francis Drake returned from his voyage around the world.

In 1640, England's Long Parliament -- the name given to the fifth and last parliament of Charles I -- assembled. The parliament quarrelled bitterly with Charles and was repeatedly purged until it dissolved itself in 1660.

In 1667, the "Treaty of Westminster" restored Acadia to France although the actual transfer did not take place until the "Treaty of Breda" in 1670.

In 1840, British and allied fleets bombarded Egyptian-controlled Acre, Palestine. The Egyptians were expelled from the city, which was restored to Turkey the following year.

In 1873, during the "Pacific Scandal," Sir John A. Macdonald defended himself against corruption charges in a five-hour speech to Parliament. He resigned as prime minister two days later.

In 1888, Britain's "Jack the Ripper" killed his last victim.

In 1903, Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia, with the support of the United States.

In 1927, the Holland Tunnel -- the first underwater tunnel for vehicular traffic -- opened to the public. It provides access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.

In 1936, U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected for a second term in a landslide victory over Alf Landon. Roosevelt carried all but two states -- Maine and Vermont.

In 1839, the first Opium War between China and Britain broke out.

In 1942, the Alaska Highway to the continental United States was completed.

In 1950, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the federal Parliament may not delegate its exclusive powers to any provincial legislature, or vice versa.

In 1953, RCA made the first coast-to-coast colour TV demonstration in the United States.

In 1956, the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian Revolution began.

In 1957, one of the most advanced atomic energy reactors in the world opened at Chalk River, Ont. The triple-purpose reactor was used for research and experiments in the development of electricity, the production of plutonium and manufacturing a wide variety of radioactive isotopes used in medicine, industry and agriculture.

In 1957, the Soviet Union launched "Sputnik 2," the first satellite to carry a dog (Laika) into space.

In 1978, Wayne Gretzky scored his first goal for the Edmonton Oilers in a 4-3 victory over the Winnipeg Jets. The 17-year-old had been sold to the Oilers by the Indianapolis Racers the previous day. In his first game with Edmonton, Gretzky wore number 20 instead of 99 for the only time in his pro hockey career.

In 1981, Therese Casgrain, pioneer of women's rights in Quebec, and a former senator, died.

Also in 1981, the Ontario Progressive Conservative government invoked closure for the first time since 1874 to end debate in the legislature. The Liberal and NDP opposition had been demanding information on why the government invested $650 million in an oil company. The three-day filibuster froze the provincial treasury and threatened to leave 75,000 civil servants without paycheques.

In 1984, the body of assassinated Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was cremated at an outdoor ceremony attended by about 400,000 mourners. …

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