Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 28

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 28

Article excerpt

Today in History - Jan. 28

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Today in History for Jan. 28:

In 814, Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, died.

In 1547, Henry VIII, who split the church of England from Rome and presided over the founding of the Anglican church, died. He was succeeded by his nine-year-old son, Edward VI.

In 1596, English explorer Sir Francis Drake died.

In 1807, London's Pall Mall became the first street in the world to be lit by gas.

In 1822, Alexander Mackenzie, Canada's second prime minister, was born in Scotland. He led a Liberal government from 1873-78, and died in 1892.

In 1853, a charter was granted to the University of Bishop's College in Lennoxville, Que.

In 1857, William Burroughs, who invented the first practical adding and listing machine, was born in Rochester, N.Y.

In 1870, the ship "City of Boston" sailed from Halifax and disappeared with 191 passengers.

In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation in New Haven, Conn. There were 21 subscribers.

In 1881, Soviet author Fyodor Dostoyevsky died at age 58.

In 1914, suffragette leader Nellie McClung staged a mock parliament in which men had to ask women for the right to vote. Two years later, Manitoba became the first province to give women the right to vote.

In 1915, the United States Coast Guard was created as U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill merging the Life-Saving Service and Revenue Cutter Service.

In 1918, Col. John McCrae, the Canadian doctor and poet who wrote "In Flanders Fields" while serving in Belgium during the First World War, died of pneumonia in Boulogne, France. He was 45.

In 1928, the first cellulose self-adhesive tape went on sale. Scotch tape, as it came to be known, was developed by 3M as a masking tape for the spray-paint workshops of auto-manufacturing plants.

In 1962, Transport Minister Leon Balcer announced in the House of Commons that the transport department's 241-ship fleet henceforth would be known as the Canadian Coast Guard.

In 1973, a final ceasefire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.

In 1980, Canadian diplomats daringly smuggled six American diplomats out of Tehran. The Americans hid at the Canadians' homes for more than two months after the U.S. embassy was seized by Iranian students. The six escaped Iran using Canadian passports. Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor left a few hours later, after closing the embassy. Coming at a low point in U.S. self-esteem, the escape caused a sensation. Taylor received the U.S. Congressional Medal of Honour and thousands of other gifts in an outpouring of American gratitude.

In 1983, Progressive Conservative Party convention delegates voted 66.9 per cent against a review of Joe Clark's leadership. But Clark said the mandate was not clear enough and called a leadership convention. …

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