Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Oct. 18

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Oct. 18

Article excerpt

Today in History - Oct. 18

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Today in History for Oct. 18:

On this date:

In 1534, Paul III was elected Pope. He reformed the Catholic Church and forbade the practice of selling church appointments and spiritual favours. However, he was unable to heal the rift of the Reformation.

In 1646, Rev. Isaac Jogues, 39, a Jesuit priest and founder of the Mohawk mission, was killed in Midland, Ont. He was considered a sorcerer by the Mohawks for spreading smallpox during an earlier peace mission. They killed him with a hatchet blow to the head. The Iroquois also blamed him for the drought and famine that followed his earlier visit. In 1930, Jogues and seven other martyrs of the Huron missions were canonized.

In 1685, King Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes which had established the legal toleration of France's Protestant population, the Hugenots. Thousands fled the country, greatly weakening the economy.

In 1748, France and Britain signed the "Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle," under which Louisbourg, N.S., was returned to France in return for Madras, India.

In 1867, the United States completed the purchase of Alaska from Russia.

In 1892, the first long-distance telephone line between New York and Chicago was officially opened (it could only handle one call at a time).

In 1901, Nicholas Flood Davin, known as the voice of the Northwest in Parliament, committed suicide. He shot himself in a Winnipeg hotel room.

In 1919, Pierre Elliot Trudeau was born in Montreal. Well-educated and wealthy, he taught law in Montreal before entering Parliament as a Liberal MP in 1965. He became justice minister in 1967 and succeeded Lester B. Pearson as Liberal leader and prime minister the following year. Trudeau was Canada's first prime minister born in the 20th century. His government's legacy includes the 1969 Official Languages Act, and the 1982 patriation of the Constitution with the addition of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Trudeau remained in office until his 1984 retirement, except for a brief period when the Conservatives held power in 1979-80. He he died of cancer in Montreal on Sept. 28, 2000.

In 1929, the Privy Council of Britain, reversing a decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, ruled that Canadian women were "persons" and could become senators. It called the exclusion of women from public office "a relic of days more barbarous than ours." The decision led to the appointment of Cairine Wilson as the first woman member of the Upper House.

In 1931, American Thomas Edison -- who patented more than 1,000 inventions, including the electric light bulb -- died at age 84.

In 1940, the wartime Vichy government in France under the Nazis introduced anti-Semitic laws. The law stated that Jews were to be excluded from public service and positions of authority in industry and the media.

In 1951, Canada agreed to maintain an army and air force in Europe under NATO.

In 1957, the Montreal Herald closed after 146 years of publication.

In 1959, first pictures of the far side of the moon were shown from the Soviet satellite "Lunik III."

In 1962, Dr. James D. Watson of the U.S. and Drs. Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins of Britain were named winners of the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for their work in determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.

In 1965, Abraham Okpik of Yellowknife became the first Inuk to be appointed to the Northwest Territories council.

In 1968, the first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.

In 1977, New York Yankees outfielder Reggie Jackson tied Babe Ruth's World Series record with three home runs -- all first pitches in the 4th, 5th and 8th innings -- in Game 6 versus Los Angeles. The host Yankees won the game 8-4 to take the series in six games.

In 1981, Andreas Papandreou, who taught economics at York University in Toronto in the early '70s, was elected premier of Greece. …

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