Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 3

Newspaper article The Canadian Press

Today in History - Jan. 3

Article excerpt

Today in History - Jan. 3

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Today in History for Jan. 3:

In 1661, female actors appeared on an English stage for the first time.

In 1777, the United States adopted the Stars and Stripes as its official flag.

In 1777, American General George Washington's army routed the British in the Battle of Princeton, N.J.

In 1793, slavery was abolished in Canada.

In 1800, Upper Canada Attorney-General John White died in a duel with John Small, the province's top civil servant, at the government building in York (now Toronto). White had called Small's wife a duke's discarded mistress.

In 1827, Letitia Youmans, the founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union in Canada, was born near Hamilton.

In 1833, Britain seized control of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic. Argentina occupied the islands in 1982, but Britain took them back after a 74-day war.

In 1863, Canada's first covered skating rink opened in Halifax.

In 1868, the Meiji Restoration re-established the authority of Japan's emperor and heralded the fall of the military rulers known as shoguns.

In 1871, the patent for oleomargarine was granted to Hentry Bradley of Binghamton, N.Y.

In 1888, waxed paper straws were patented in the U.S.

In 1892, J.R.R. Tolkein, author of "The Hobbit" and "Lord of the Rings," was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

In 1901, British politician Winston Churchill spoke at Toronto's Massey Hall on the Boer War in South Africa.

In 1912, the first Canadian hockey game played on artificial ice saw the New Westminster Royals beat the host Victoria Aristocrats 8-3.

In 1922, the Royal Mint produces Canada's first five-cent pieces, made mostly of nickel.

In 1935, federal wildlife conservation officials expressed concern the beaver was in danger of following the musk-ox and buffalo to near-extinction. They suggested setting up beaver farms to augment the shrinking population of Canada's symbol.

In 1938, the first March of Dimes campaign to fight polio was organized.

In 1941, Canada and the United States acquired air bases at Gander and Goose Bay, Nfld., on a 99-year lease.

In 1945, the first Canadian troops conscripted for overseas duty in the Second World War left Halifax for Britain.

In 1946, William Joyce, better known as "Lord Haw Haw," was hanged in Britain for treason. Joyce broadcast Nazi propaganda from Germany during the Second World War.

In 1947, U.S. congressional proceedings were televised for the first time as viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York got to see some of the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress.

In 1957, the Hamilton Watch Company introduced the first electric clock.

In 1958, New Zealand explorer Sir Edmund Hillary, 38, who conquered Mount Everest in 1953, reached the South Pole by an overland route -- the first man to do so since Capt. Robert Scott reached the pole in 1912.

In 1959, Alaska became the 49th state of the United States.

In 1961, the United States severed diplomatic relations with Cuba.

In 1967, Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby died of cancer. He had shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of U.S. President John Kennedy in November 1963.

In 1980, conservationist Joy Adamson, author of "Born Free," was killed in northern Kenya by a servant in a wage dispute.

In 1983, the Times-Transcript published for the first time in Moncton, N.B., replacing the morning Times and the evening Transcript.

In 1985, the Grange Commission released its report on mysterious baby deaths at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. …

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