Conversion Survey, 1998: Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion

By Bonn International Center For Conversion | Go to book overview

contents
List of selected acronyms and abbreviations18
update Conversion Issue Overview Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization, 1996-199719
The BICC Conversion, Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization (BIC3D) Index22
The country list22
Regional comparisons27
Comparing parts of the BIC3D Index28
Military expenditures and their reallocation29
Decreasing military burdens29
Major country groups31
Regional variations31
Reorientation of military research and development34
Data trends34
Reinvestment of military R&D expenditures36
Conversion of military R&D resources36
The future of military R&D39
Demobilization and reintegration39
Reductions in military personnel40
Upcoming demobilizations43
Post-war reintegration into civilian life43
Reintegration policy44
The base closure 'gap'46
New closure information46
Belarus46
South Africa49
Causes of the base closure 'gap'50
Lack of capability52
High up-front costs52
Tough decisions52
Political problems52
Costs of the base closure 'gap'52
Promoting base closures53
Surplus weapons and their disposal54
Heavy conventional weapons54
Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty: Update54
Disarmament under the Dayton Accords55
Surplus weapons trade56
Small arms, light weapons and landmines56
Chemical demilitarization59
Nuclear reductions60
Outlook61
References62

-8-

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