comparative education. In 1936 he became professor of the history and philosophy of education and was appointed the first James Bryant Conant Professor of Education in 1954. He retired in 1960 but continued his research and writing. He moved to Germany in 1970.
Through his teaching and numerous publications, Ulich provided leadership in the fields of history of education, philosophy of education, and comparative education. He was the author of Sequence of Educational Influences ( 1935), Fundamentals of Democratic Education ( 1940), History of Educational Thought ( 1945), Conditions of Civilized Living ( 1946), Three Thousand Years of Educational Wisdom ( 1947), Crisis and Hope in American Education ( 1951), The Human Career ( 1955), Professional Education as a Humane Study ( 1956), Philosophy of Education ( 1961), and The Education of Nations: A Comparison in Historical Perspective ( 1961). He was a member of professional associations and received honorary degrees from Harvard, Clark and Korea universities.
REFERENCES: LE (III); NYT, June 18, 1977, p. 22; WW (XXVI); WWAE (XV); Robert J. Havighurst (q.v.), ed., Leaders in American Education ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971); "Award to Professor Robert Ulich," School and Society 85 ( November 9, 1957):341.
William W. Brickman
VAILE, Edwin Orlando. B. November 21, 1843, Piqua, Ohio, to Jonathan and Elizabeth (Esterbrook) Vaile. M. July 14, 1870, to Emma Brainard. Ch. four. D. August 3, 1922, Oak Park, Illinois.
Edwin Orlando Vaile received his education in local public schools. At the age of seventeen, he became a teacher at Carlisle, Ohio. He served as a volunteer in the 131st Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. Vaile returned to the classroom after the war and was appointed a school principal in Columbus, Ohio ( 1870). He later served as a principal in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Chicago, Illinois.
He was the author of two books that are considered landmarks in the history of education, Pro and Con of Spelling Programs ( 1877) and Our Accursed Spelling ( 1902). He founded ( 1880) and was editor of Intelligence, a weekly journal for teachers and a current-events periodical for primary grade children. He was credited with devising a phonetic alphabet and at the time of his death was engaged in compiling a series of reading books using this alphabet.