The Economic and Social Foundations of European Civilization

By Alfons Dopsch | Go to book overview

INDEX
A
Aachen, Reform of, 328
, 97
Aetius, 104
Aethelberg laws of, 363
Africa, coloni in, 135 f.; grazing districts in, 136; products of, 161; Romano-German states in, 53; the saltus in, 134; Theodosius on, 348
Agahd, E., on continuity of settlement, 125
Agathias, on the "barbarian", 89 f.; on the Franks, 91, 113, 178, 305, 350; on trading laws, 360
Agilolfings, the, Domain-land of, 63 f.; graves of, 81; land-grants of, 126; position of, 205
Agriculture, antiquity of, 32; communal cultivation, 40; contrast between Roman and German, 38; early rôle of women in, 45; extension of and land tenure, 235; farming technique of Romans and Germans, 161 f.; field-boundaries and measurements, 139 ff.; field-grass systems, 38, 43, 162; the German producer, 340; German system and growth of great estates, 46, 104; isolated homestead and village settlement, 99, 123 f.; land-laws of the Visigoths, 98 f.; Lombard associations for farming purposes, 96; Mark-association theory, seeMark; marketing of produce, 373; pasture and sheep-farming, 331; private property and co-aration, 39; Roman system of, 134; Salzburg cycle of the months, 163 f.; strip system of scattered holdings, 40 f.; 138 f.; rotation of arable fields, 36, 43; small-holdings on colonate system, 53; the Suevic form of, 34; Tacitus on Frisian, 130; the three-field system, 162 f.
Agrippa, 50
Aistulf, King, laws of, 215 f., 342.
Alaric II, coinage of, 361; law-making activities of, 361
Alemanni, the, Ammianus Marcellinus on, 55, 71, 88, 348; class distinctions among, 204, 215; ecclesiastical coloni among, 235; continuity of civilization by, 68 f.; early settlements of, 54 f., 75, 78 f., 106, 108, 114; first attack of, 52; Hufe system among, 145; as horsemen, 284; imperial domains appropriated by, 56; laws of, 114 ff., 117, 158, 193, 274, 336, 356; manorial developments among, 115; monarchical development among, 174, 186; trade of, 348 f.
Alfred, King, laws of, 313
Allthing, the, 172, 195
Almsgiving, 248 f., 261 f.
Alod, the, 281; among the Alemanni, 115 f.; among the Anglo-warni, 122, 158; Guizot on, 9
Alps, the, early seigneurial land-ownership in, 119; the mark in, 148; Roman settlement in, 61 f.; Slav colonization in, 48; trade routes of, 347, 349
Alsace, early Germanic settlements in, 50, 60, 106, 109, 113
Ammianus Marcellinus, on the Alemanni, 55, 71, 88, 348; on Aquileia, 313; on the Batavi, 184; on the British corn-trade, 347, 352; on costly gifts, 333; on "destruction" of Cologne, 72; on German augurs, 178; on German leaders, 183
Andelot, Treaty of, 199 f., 278, 286
Andernach, continuity of settlement in, 73, 319
Angers, formularies of, 144, 233 f., 320, 365
Anglo-Saxons, the, and bishops, 272; beneficia among, 198; class-distinctions among, 287; the comitatus and social evolution of, 198; continuity of settlement by, 56; early seigneurial development among, 128, 145; folk-moot of, 176 f.; and the term Hufe (hide), 143; laws of the, 353; (see also Ine, laws of); monarchical development among, 173, 188; missionary movement of, 278 f.; nobility among, 205; private churches among, 260; relation of church and monarchy among, 189; and tithes, 294; wergelds of, 199, 224; window-glazing by, 332
Anglo-Warni, seeThuringians
Anthropology, and continuity of development, 70
Antioch, Council of, 247, 371; Synod of, 246
Anton, C. G., on German rural economy, 6
Antoninus Pius, and the pledge of fealty, 287
Annuities, granted by the church, 255; by landlords, 236
Appollinaris Sidonius, on African jugglers, 343; on Count Arbogast of Trier, 76, 306; on the "barbarians ", 90, 92; on Clermont market, 324; on episcopal qualifications, 266; on the Gothic assembly of counsellors, 172; on owners of private churches, 257; on Ravenna, 321, 342; on trade in Clermont- Ferrand, 343, 354
Appurtenance-formula, the Frankish, 144 ff.
Apulia, 161, 340
Aquileia, 87, 142, 276, 313, 350
Aquitaine, cavalry in, 284 f.; continuity of settlement in, 97; Lewis of, 208
Arabs, the, seeSaracens
Arbogast, of Trier, 76, 78, 306
Architecture, ecclesiastical influence on urban, 331
Arians, the, (Arianism) and appointment of bishops, 27; and use of term "barbarian", 90; attitude of to private churches, 260 f.; conversions from, 88, 98; Eugippius on, 65 f.; in Italy, 265; monarchy and church under, 270, 273 ff.
Ariovistus, 50, 182
Aristocracy, seenobility

-391-

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