THE DARK AGE
(c. 1100 TO 776)
THE DORIANS: THE COLONIZATION OF AEOLIS, IONIA, AND DORIS
SECTIONS: DIPYLON ANTIQUITIES: HESIOD: THE PHOENICIANS
AND SOME OTHER NATIONS DURING THE DARK AGE
OF the age that we have been considering, that of the Achaean supremacy, we have in Homer's poems a wonderfully distinct, though perhaps somewhat imaginative, picture. These Homeric men and women and the world in which they lived, although we have no memorials of them but words, seem very near to us--nearer by far than many nations of whom we have abundant relics, such as the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Egyptians--nearer, too, than many a people of an age not far removed from our own. Without its vates sacer this Achaean age would doubtless be as much of a blank as the three centuries which followed it-- an epoch which is indeed fairly rich in myths, but about which we know for certain much less than we do about the far earlier Minoan and Egyptian civilizations. One fact, however, is indubitable. It was an epoch of great invasions or 'migrations,' which rapidly changed the character of the population and the civilization in many parts of Greece and extended the Hellenic name to large tracts of country on the other side of the Aegaean Sea.
First, let us see what the myths say.
Hellen, king of Phthia, in Thessaly, and son of Deucalion (the Greek Noah), was the mythical ancestor of all the Hellenes.