THE RISE OF MACEDONIA : PHILIP AND ALEXANDER
SECTIONS: ISOCRATES, AESCHINES, DEMOSTHENES, LATER PHILOSOPHERS : LYSIPPUS, HELLENISTIC SCULPTURE
WE have seen how after Mantineia the Theban supremacy rapidly declined, and how Athens once more began to build up an oversea empire. In this she might have been successful had it not been for the rise of two semi-Hellenic powers, Caria and Macedonia. Whether she would have held her own against the maritime expansion of Caria, which under Mausolus seems to have been very remarkable, it is idle to speculate, for both she and her rival were swallowed up by Macedonia, and it is a question of more practical import whether an united Greece (if such a thing is conceivable) might not have succeeded in resisting the Macedonian conqueror, against whom the miserable feuds that for seventy years had drained, and were still draining, her life-blood now left her powerless.1
When Thebes was at the height of her power Pelopidas had brought even Macedonia under Theban influence, if not under Theban dominion, and to assure the fidelity of the Macedonian ruler (at that time a usurper, Ptolemy Alorites) he had sent as a hostage to Thebes the young Macedonian prince, Philip, afterwards the victor at Chaeroneia and the father of Alexander the Great.
Until this time neither Macedonia nor Thessaly had really____________________