|78.||From Klausenburg to Bistritz||405|
From Deés to Nagybánya, 406. — From Sajó-Magyarós to|
Maros-Ludas. From Bistritz to Alt-Rodna, 407.
|79.||From Klausenburg to Hermannstadt and Kronstadt||407|
From Torda to Topánfalva and Toroczkó. From Kocsárd|
to Szász-Régen. From Szász-Régen to Bistritz and to Borszék,
408. — From Schässburg to Csik-Szereda viâ Szekely-Ud-
varhély, 410. — From Reps to Fogaras, 411.
|80.||Kronstadt and Environs||411|
From Kronstadt to Hosszufalu and to Zernest. Mountain|
Ascents, 413, 414. — From Kronstadt to Kézdi-Vásárhely.
From Sepsi-Szent-György to Borszék, 415.
|81.||From Arad to Hermannstadt||415|
From Piski to Vajda-Hunyad; to Petrosény and Lupény,|
416. — From Petrosény to Hermannstadt, 417. — From
Karlsburg to Abrudbánya, 419.
From Alvincz to Hermannstadt
|82.||Hermannstadt and Environs||419|
|Hohe Rinne, 421.|
|83.||From Hermannstadt to Fogaras||421|
Heltau; Michelsberg, 421. — Rotenturm Pass; Surul; Negoi,|
422. — Bullea Valley. Podragu. From Fogaras to Kron-
|84.||From Kronstadt to Bucharest viâ Predeal||423|
From Predeal to Rosenau, 424. — From Bucharest to|
The former principality of Transylvania, called Erdély by the Magyars, and Ardealu by the Roumanians (both meaning 'forest- land'), a mountainous district of about 21,000 sq. M. in extent, with 2,456,000 inhab., forms the S.E. part of Hungary (15 counties). Its German name of Siebenbürgen has been derived from the first seven 'burgs', or fortresses, built by the German colonists, or from the seven once fortified towns of Hermannstadt, Klausenburg, Kronstadt, Bistritz, Medias, Mühlenbach, and Schässburg.
History. At the beginning of the Christian era the district now known as Transylvania formed part of the kingdom of Dacia, and in 105 A.D., on the subjugation by Trajan of Decebalus, the last Dacian sovereign, it was incorporated with the Roman province of Dacia. It remained under Roman sway till 274 A. D., when the Emperor Aurelian was compelled to withdraw his troops and the flower of the Roman colonists across the Danube by the Gothic hordes from the N., which now poured into the country. From this date down to the beginning of the 12th cent. Transylvania was the great theatre of battles between the Ostrogoths, Huns, Longobards, Bulgarians, Magyars, Kumans, and other Eastern races