Revolutionary Radicalism: Its History, Purpose and Tactics with an Exposition and Discussion of the Steps Being Taken and Required to Curb It, Being the Report of the Joint Legislative Committee Investigating Seditious Activities - Vol. 3

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CHAPTER II
Relative Merit of Private and Public Agencies for Americanization

The original design in making education a public service in this country, supported by taxation of all the people, was, and the present purpose should be, that the public schools would prepare citizens for the duties and obligations they owe to their fellows as participators in the conduct of government. This purpose must be the first function of all public teaching; never secondary or incidental. As the task of so-called Americanization is the making of good citizens, it is clear that its purpose squares with that of the principal function of the public school, and that, theoretically at least, Americanization should be the work of the public school so far as actual, formal education enters into it. It has been a general policy in respect to education in the United States to place chief responsibility upon the various states and upon the cities, towns, counties and school districts in the states. Moreover, in the field of public education, it has been the policy to relate the general education system in its administration and conduct as closely to popular control as possible. The effect of this policy has been to link public education very strongly to local educational needs. The education of minors and minors of employment age through the medium of free public schools and various part-time and extension classes is on the whole very thoroughly organized throughout the several states. The legislature of each state has the power to provide for the educational programs of that state, and although there are minor differences, the system is, generally speaking, fairly uniform in this field.

The most prevalent system provides for the annual election by the qualified electors of the state of first, a superintendent or commissioner of public education, and second, a state board of education, some of whose members are usually appointed by the governor or elected by the state legislature. To the superintendent and the state board of education are entrusted all matters pertaining to, first, the establishment and maintenance of free public schools and other public educational institutions throughout the counties and districts of the state; second, the authorization and licensing of properly qualified superintendents, principals and teachers; third, the prescription of courses of study and the standardization of text books; and fourth, the submission of the

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Revolutionary Radicalism: Its History, Purpose and Tactics with an Exposition and Discussion of the Steps Being Taken and Required to Curb It, Being the Report of the Joint Legislative Committee Investigating Seditious Activities - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents iii
  • Volume IV viii
  • Addendum xviii
  • List of Illustrations xxi
  • General Introduction 2011
  • Section I - Protective Governmental Measures 2015
  • Chapter I 2017
  • Chapter II 2024
  • Chapter III 2075
  • Section II - Organized Labor and Capital and Industrial Problems 2095
  • Introduction 2097
  • Chapter I 2106
  • Chapter II 2133
  • Chapter III 2148
  • Chapter IV 2151
  • Chapter V 2154
  • Chapter VI 2160
  • Chapter VII 2166
  • Chapter VIII 2174
  • Chapter IX 2180
  • Chapter X 2193
  • Chapter XI 2204
  • Chapter XII 2216
  • Chapter XIII 2226
  • Chapter XIV 2238
  • Chapter XV 2244
  • Chapter XVI 2251
  • Section III subsection I - Educational Training for Citizenship 2275
  • Introduction 2279
  • Chapter I 2293
  • Chapter II 2328
  • Chapter III - Teacher Requirements and Teacher Training 2335
  • Chapter IV - Curricula Recommended for Courses of Citizenship Training 2346
  • Chapter V - Regulated Attendance 2350
  • Chapter VI - Appropriations 2356
  • Section III subsection II 2359
  • Chapter I 2361
  • Chapter II 2366
  • Section III subsection III 2411
  • Chapter I 2417
  • Chapter II 2439
  • Chapter III 2564
  • Chapter IV 2569
  • Chapter V 2623
  • Chapter VI 2701
  • Chapter VII 2949
  • Chapter VIII 3018
  • Chapter IX 3052
  • Chapter X 3060
  • Chapter XI 3079
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