Revolutionary Radicalism: Its History, Purpose and Tactics with an Exposition and Discussion of the Steps Being Taken and Required to Curb It, Being the Report of the Joint Legislative Committee Investigating Seditious Activities - Vol. 3

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CHAPTER VI Appropriations

The universal handicaps to Americanization work, as reported to the Committee, are lack of competent teachers, and lack of sufficient funds, the former, of course, depending largely upon the latter for rectification. While the appropriation for citizenship training in New York State should be decided entirely upon the exigencies of the situation, still it is of interest to compare it with the appropriations of some of the other states. Although its funds for immigrant education exceed those in other states in actual amount, the per capita allowance for this work is still far too low even to carry on the work under present programs, to say nothing of raising the standards for teachers.

Arizona has no public funds for Americanization although private funds are contributed for some citizenship training work. A bill was presented to the Legislature calling for an appropriation for 1919, but it was defeated because of a compulsory clause which it carried. This was especially disappointing, in view of the fact that they had an appropriation of $25,000 for 1918. The State of Texas also failed to pass a bill for an appropriation, leaving the state without funds for this work.

Wyoming is doing what it can on a "small appropriation." North Dakota has $7,000 as state aid for evening schools, out of which must come whatever is spent upon adult immigrants. The New Jersey budget for 1918 shows an expenditure of $9,639.59 for citizenship training.

Delaware succeeded in getting $15,000 a year for 1919 and 1920, but it was after a struggle dating back to 1916 when Wilmington asked the local Board of Education for $1,500 to continue Americanization classes which had already been established and run on public subscription. Delaware therefore recommends that where public funds are not forthcoming for Americanization work, the enterprise should be underwritten. For, while public moneys are the logical funds for the education of the adult foreign- born, experiments can rarely be enacted into law or official policy until their wisdom is demonstrated; and therefore private funds for these experiments are often the most direct means to secure ultimately public support and public funds.

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Revolutionary Radicalism: Its History, Purpose and Tactics with an Exposition and Discussion of the Steps Being Taken and Required to Curb It, Being the Report of the Joint Legislative Committee Investigating Seditious Activities - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents iii
  • Volume IV viii
  • Addendum xviii
  • List of Illustrations xxi
  • General Introduction 2011
  • Section I - Protective Governmental Measures 2015
  • Chapter I 2017
  • Chapter II 2024
  • Chapter III 2075
  • Section II - Organized Labor and Capital and Industrial Problems 2095
  • Introduction 2097
  • Chapter I 2106
  • Chapter II 2133
  • Chapter III 2148
  • Chapter IV 2151
  • Chapter V 2154
  • Chapter VI 2160
  • Chapter VII 2166
  • Chapter VIII 2174
  • Chapter IX 2180
  • Chapter X 2193
  • Chapter XI 2204
  • Chapter XII 2216
  • Chapter XIII 2226
  • Chapter XIV 2238
  • Chapter XV 2244
  • Chapter XVI 2251
  • Section III subsection I - Educational Training for Citizenship 2275
  • Introduction 2279
  • Chapter I 2293
  • Chapter II 2328
  • Chapter III - Teacher Requirements and Teacher Training 2335
  • Chapter IV - Curricula Recommended for Courses of Citizenship Training 2346
  • Chapter V - Regulated Attendance 2350
  • Chapter VI - Appropriations 2356
  • Section III subsection II 2359
  • Chapter I 2361
  • Chapter II 2366
  • Section III subsection III 2411
  • Chapter I 2417
  • Chapter II 2439
  • Chapter III 2564
  • Chapter IV 2569
  • Chapter V 2623
  • Chapter VI 2701
  • Chapter VII 2949
  • Chapter VIII 3018
  • Chapter IX 3052
  • Chapter X 3060
  • Chapter XI 3079
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