Some 500,000 dock workers and merchant seamen are covered by the Port Security Program. Anyone who has access to a pier where explosives are handled or where there is shipping in connection with the U. S. Shipping or Military Assistance program must have a Port Security card.
This program is administered by the Coast Guard. An accused person may request a hearing before a board composed of one member of the Coast Guard and one representative each from labor and management. The decision of this board may be appealed to an Appeal Board, and the worker may appear in person and present new witnesses and new evidence. He does not, however, receive back pay in the event he is suspended from his job and later cleared.
About 200,000 employees of the Atomic Energy Commission and its subcontractors come under the Atomic Energy Security Program. More and more workers will be covered as industry steps up its use of atomic materials.
No one who is to have access to atomic secrets may be hired until he has been investigated by the AEC. Jobs in this field carry two levels of clearance: "L" for those having contact with "confidential" materials and "Q" for those employed on top level projects. The AEC runs this security program; the FBI conducts the investigations.
An accused employee can request a hearing before a local Personnel Security Board made up of prominent citizens. He can appeal the decision of this board and request a review of his case by the Personnel Security Review Board in Washington. Recent changes in procedures, announced on May 9, 1956, appear to bring the AEC Security Program closer to judicial standards of fair play than that of any other Government agency.