Earl Grey and the Australian Colonies, 1846-1857: A Study of Self-Government and Self-Interest

By John M. Ward | Go to book overview

I
THE STORY IN BRIEF

THE years between 1830 and 1860 saw a major revolution in British colonial policy. Two of the most important changes were the triumph of free trade and the emergence of an enlarged view of colonial self-government. By 1860, free trade had been enshrined as a fundamental article of national policy. Responsible government for colonies had been generally accepted as a principle, although the extent and significance of its application were still uncertain.

At the height of the transition to responsible government in eastern Australia, there were persistent attempts to crown the new constitutions of the colonies with a system of federal union. The Colonial Office proposed to federate them by act of parliament at the same time as it extended their political liberties. Federal union had to be imposed upon them, so Downing Street believed, for the sake of efficient self-government and free trade. Without a federal government, how could neighbouring colonies manage those affairs that concerned them in common? Unless they were federated, the colonies might obstruct their trade with one another by imposing protective duties of customs. From 1847 to 1850 the Colonial Office persevered with a succession of plans for the federation of the Australian colonies and desisted only in face of the hostility of parliament itself. The colonies were never adequately consulted about these attempts to federate them. In London their hostility was ignored and their apathy disregarded or misinterpreted as consent.

After the failure of the official attempts to establish a federal union in Australia, some of the leading colonists tried to promote local interest in a policy of federation for the sake of convenience. They were alarmed by the conflicts of policy that rapidly developed among the colonies after more and more matters had begun to concern them in common. With only one exception, these federalists in the colonies made no appeal to national sentiment, which was everywhere slight. They relied on proving that confusion and loss were the inevitable results of disunity and called for federation, not in the name of national greatness, but in the interests of administrative convenience and commercial advantage. They, too, failed. With their defeat the federation

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Earl Grey and the Australian Colonies, 1846-1857: A Study of Self-Government and Self-Interest
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents ix
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • I - The Story in Brief 1
  • II - A Man of Faith 18
  • III - The Grain and the Chaff 45
  • IV - The Golden Despatch 84
  • V - The Report in Statutory Dress 107
  • VI - Apathy in Australia 121
  • VII - Setback in Parliament 162
  • VIII - The 'Anti-Felon Confederation' 196
  • IX - A Noble Amateur: Governor-General Fitzroy 227
  • X - Governor-General Denison: 'A Man of More Purpose' 283
  • XI - Constitution-Making in the Colonies 319
  • XII - The Proposals of the Federalists 347
  • XIII - The Murray River Trade 393
  • XIV - The Failure of the Federalists 427
  • Bibliography 471
  • Index 491
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 496

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.