WE have analysed the influences in New York State which have borne upon the factory law in its restriction of women's working day; and have followed the integration of the social and political machines which have affected the trend of more general legislation for working women. It is evident that the Factory Investigating Commission stimulated the development of this legislation, but while some acts have been passed since the days of this commission, and others have been hotly advocated, much time has been spent in contention against the repeal of statutes already enacted, with relatively small results in the form of new acts.
We will, then, continue the story of influences upon legislation as they have affected more specific occupations. While the daytime hours of women in factories in general (and in mercantile establishments when the proposed regulations affected them also) have been discussed, much remains to be said of particular industries such as canneries, laundries, and homework, and of night work prohibitions; of regulations in restaurants, in elevators, and on transportation lines, of special working conditions, and of the entire prohibition of women's employment in certain occupations.
The subject of daytime hours in factories will be considered first.