Accommodation — a process of modifying a mental scheme to account for new information taken in, that alters the dimensions of the scheme.
Adaptation — the ability of an organism to change or adjust in order to survive in its environment.
Amoral judgment — decision based on personal taste or temperament without right or wrong values, for example, preferences in food, use of leisure time.
Anxiety — a feeling of painful or apprehensive uneasiness of some unclear threat.
Apathy — absence of emotion; absence of interest and enthusiasm.
Assimilation — the integration of information into an evolving set of structures, of both biological and intellectual dimensions.
Attitude - a predisposition having emotional, belief, and behavioral components that determines a person's reaction toward a particular social stimulus.
Authoritarian — strict adherence to the rules.
Automatic behavior - well-practiced behavior that allows performance without conscious thought.
Autonomy — the ethical principle of the freedom to make a decision and choose a course of action, based upon the requirement of access to information in order to do so, and respect for the autonomy of others.
Belief - acceptance that something is true, though proof may be lacking.
Beneficence — the ethical principle to do good. Bioethics — a branch of philosophy devoted to the study of morality in the health care environment.
Casuistry — a method of ethical reasoning that derives ethical principles from a case study.
Classical conditioning - the association of two or more stimuli with a particular response.
Cognitive dissonance - incoming data triggers two or more cognitive maps with disparate meanings, both of which cannot be applied to the data.
Cognitive map - mental schema that organizes information and events around common themes and carries in them expectations and emotions.
Comorbidity — the presence of more than one disease process in an individual.
Compliance — the extent to which a person's behavior coincides with medical or health advice.
Concept - a label, an abstraction to classify a complex set of features in nature as well as empirical observations.
Conformist — one who adheres to standards of behavior and dress of a particular group.
Consciousness - a state of awareness in which we are cognizant of mental processes and can describe what is going on.
Construct — refers to something intangible, that which cannot be seen or felt.
Coping - dealing successfully with circumstances and managing to move on with life.
Crisis — a crucial point in the course of events. Culture — customs, beliefs, values, and norms for behavior shared in common by a group of people.
Debilitation - enfeeblement.
Deconditioning — the multiple changes that occur in organ systems that are induced by inactivity and restored by activity.