Freud, Jung, and the Evolution and
Duality of the Mind and Brain
(From below) cried ID: "If thou be Christ, save thyself and us." But Superego rebuked ID, saying: "Dost not thou fear God?"
For many thousands of years human beings have speculated on the possible existence of a nonconscious psychic or spiritual domain from which intuitive leaps, inspirations, dreams, and forbidden impulses originate. Some of the ancients believed that the ultimate source of these mysterious forms of experience were the various gods who populated the heavens. For their own unknown reasons and purposes, the gods transmitted these thoughts, dreams, and ideas into human hearts and heads. There was no unconscious mind. There were unconscious gods. For a primitive human being to truly know himself and his destiny, he had to supplicate these gods and study the dreams they sent.
Not all of the ancients, however, looked to impersonal, external gods for self-understanding. Six thousand years ago, the Sumerians, the presumed inventors of writing and civilization, worshiped and believed in a personal god whose source and abode was within themselves, and which served almost as a conscience. 1, 2 It was to this personal deity that the individual sufferer bared heart and soul about personal shortcomings, sins, and misdeeds, and to which the individual admitted responsibility for bad behavior. This personal god, in